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Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079

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Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079
Textbook Problem

The IUPAC name for the ester Chapter 5.12, Problem 2QQ, The IUPAC name for the ester is a. ethyl methyl ester b. methyl propyl ester c. methyl propanoate d. is

  1. a. ethyl methyl ester
  2. b. methyl propyl ester
  3. c. methyl propanoate
  4. d. no correct response

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The correct IUPAC name for the ester given has to be chosen from the given options.

Concept Introduction:

For naming an ester, it can be structurally viewed in a way that contains an acyl group and an alkyl group.

Organic And Biological Chemistry, Chapter 5.12, Problem 2QQ

Rules to obtain IUPAC name and common name for an ester:

  • Alkyl part appears first in the IUPAC name and it is followed by the acyl part of ester as a separate word.
  • Name of the alkyl part in the ester is just a name of R group.  It can be alkyl, cycloalkyl, or aryl group.
  • Acyl part present in the ester is named by considering the acid name and replacing the suffix “-ic acid” with “-ate”.
  • To obtain the common name the alkyl part name is the same while the acyl part name is derived from the common name of the acid by replacing the suffix “-ic acid” with “-ate”.
Explanation

Reason for correct option:

Given structure of ester is,

The alkyl and acyl group is identified as shown below,

Alkyl group contains only one carbon atom.  Hence alkyl group is named as methyl.  The acyl group contains three carbon atoms.  The IUPAC name of carboxylic acid that contains three carbon atoms is propanoic acid.  For naming acyl group in ester the suffix “-ic acid” is converted into “-ate”.  This gives the name of acyl part as propanoate.  Therefore IUPAC name of the given ester is methyl propanoate...

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Sect-5.3 P-1QQSect-5.3 P-2QQSect-5.3 P-3QQSect-5.4 P-1QQSect-5.4 P-2QQSect-5.4 P-3QQSect-5.5 P-1QQSect-5.5 P-2QQSect-5.5 P-3QQSect-5.6 P-1QQSect-5.6 P-2QQSect-5.7 P-1QQSect-5.7 P-2QQSect-5.7 P-3QQSect-5.8 P-1QQSect-5.8 P-2QQSect-5.8 P-3QQSect-5.8 P-4QQSect-5.9 P-1QQSect-5.9 P-2QQSect-5.10 P-1QQSect-5.10 P-2QQSect-5.11 P-1QQSect-5.11 P-2QQSect-5.11 P-3QQSect-5.12 P-1QQSect-5.12 P-2QQSect-5.12 P-3QQSect-5.12 P-4QQSect-5.13 P-1QQSect-5.13 P-2QQSect-5.14 P-1QQSect-5.14 P-2QQSect-5.14 P-3QQSect-5.15 P-1QQSect-5.15 P-2QQSect-5.15 P-3QQSect-5.16 P-1QQSect-5.16 P-2QQSect-5.16 P-3QQSect-5.17 P-1QQSect-5.17 P-2QQSect-5.18 P-1QQSect-5.18 P-2QQSect-5.18 P-3QQSect-5.19 P-1QQSect-5.19 P-2QQSect-5.19 P-3QQSect-5.19 P-4QQSect-5.20 P-1QQSect-5.20 P-2QQSect-5.20 P-3QQSect-5.20 P-4QQCh-5 P-5.1EPCh-5 P-5.2EPCh-5 P-5.3EPCh-5 P-5.4EPCh-5 P-5.5EPCh-5 P-5.6EPCh-5 P-5.7EPCh-5 P-5.8EPCh-5 P-5.9EPCh-5 P-5.10EPCh-5 P-5.11EPCh-5 P-5.12EPCh-5 P-5.13EPCh-5 P-5.14EPCh-5 P-5.15EPCh-5 P-5.16EPCh-5 P-5.17EPCh-5 P-5.18EPCh-5 P-5.19EPCh-5 P-5.20EPCh-5 P-5.21EPCh-5 P-5.22EPCh-5 P-5.23EPCh-5 P-5.24EPCh-5 P-5.25EPCh-5 P-5.26EPCh-5 P-5.27EPCh-5 P-5.28EPCh-5 P-5.29EPCh-5 P-5.30EPCh-5 P-5.31EPCh-5 P-5.32EPCh-5 P-5.33EPCh-5 P-5.34EPCh-5 P-5.35EPCh-5 P-5.36EPCh-5 P-5.37EPCh-5 P-5.38EPCh-5 P-5.39EPCh-5 P-5.40EPCh-5 P-5.41EPCh-5 P-5.42EPCh-5 P-5.43EPCh-5 P-5.44EPCh-5 P-5.45EPCh-5 P-5.46EPCh-5 P-5.47EPCh-5 P-5.48EPCh-5 P-5.49EPCh-5 P-5.50EPCh-5 P-5.51EPCh-5 P-5.52EPCh-5 P-5.53EPCh-5 P-5.54EPCh-5 P-5.55EPCh-5 P-5.56EPCh-5 P-5.57EPCh-5 P-5.58EPCh-5 P-5.59EPCh-5 P-5.60EPCh-5 P-5.61EPCh-5 P-5.62EPCh-5 P-5.63EPCh-5 P-5.64EPCh-5 P-5.65EPCh-5 P-5.66EPCh-5 P-5.67EPCh-5 P-5.68EPCh-5 P-5.69EPCh-5 P-5.70EPCh-5 P-5.71EPCh-5 P-5.72EPCh-5 P-5.73EPCh-5 P-5.74EPCh-5 P-5.75EPCh-5 P-5.76EPCh-5 P-5.77EPCh-5 P-5.78EPCh-5 P-5.79EPCh-5 P-5.80EPCh-5 P-5.81EPCh-5 P-5.82EPCh-5 P-5.83EPCh-5 P-5.84EPCh-5 P-5.85EPCh-5 P-5.86EPCh-5 P-5.87EPCh-5 P-5.88EPCh-5 P-5.89EPCh-5 P-5.90EPCh-5 P-5.91EPCh-5 P-5.92EPCh-5 P-5.93EPCh-5 P-5.94EPCh-5 P-5.95EPCh-5 P-5.96EPCh-5 P-5.97EPCh-5 P-5.98EPCh-5 P-5.99EPCh-5 P-5.100EPCh-5 P-5.101EPCh-5 P-5.102EPCh-5 P-5.103EPCh-5 P-5.104EPCh-5 P-5.105EPCh-5 P-5.106EPCh-5 P-5.107EPCh-5 P-5.108EPCh-5 P-5.109EPCh-5 P-5.110EPCh-5 P-5.111EPCh-5 P-5.112EPCh-5 P-5.113EPCh-5 P-5.114EPCh-5 P-5.115EPCh-5 P-5.116EPCh-5 P-5.117EPCh-5 P-5.118EPCh-5 P-5.119EPCh-5 P-5.120EPCh-5 P-5.121EPCh-5 P-5.122EPCh-5 P-5.123EPCh-5 P-5.124EPCh-5 P-5.125EPCh-5 P-5.126EPCh-5 P-5.127EPCh-5 P-5.128EPCh-5 P-5.129EPCh-5 P-5.130EPCh-5 P-5.131EPCh-5 P-5.132EPCh-5 P-5.133EPCh-5 P-5.134EPCh-5 P-5.135EPCh-5 P-5.136EPCh-5 P-5.137EPCh-5 P-5.138EPCh-5 P-5.139EPCh-5 P-5.140EPCh-5 P-5.141EPCh-5 P-5.142EPCh-5 P-5.143EPCh-5 P-5.144EPCh-5 P-5.145EPCh-5 P-5.146EPCh-5 P-5.147EPCh-5 P-5.148EPCh-5 P-5.149EPCh-5 P-5.150EPCh-5 P-5.151EPCh-5 P-5.152EPCh-5 P-5.153EPCh-5 P-5.154EPCh-5 P-5.155EPCh-5 P-5.156EPCh-5 P-5.157EPCh-5 P-5.158EPCh-5 P-5.159EPCh-5 P-5.160EPCh-5 P-5.161EPCh-5 P-5.162EPCh-5 P-5.163EPCh-5 P-5.164EP

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