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Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079

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Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079
Textbook Problem

In ester hydrolysis under acidic conditions, the reaction products are a

  1. a. carboxylic acid and an alcohol
  2. b. carboxylic acid and a base
  3. c. carboxylic acid salt and water
  4. d. no correct response

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The reaction products in ester hydrolysis under acidic conditions have to be chosen from the given options.

Concept Introduction:

Breaking of the carbon‑oxygen single bond present between the “acid part” and “alcohol part” is one of the important reactions of ester.  This process of breaking the bond between the carbon‑oxygen is known as ester hydrolysis or saponification.  The condition prevails in the reaction determines it as ester hydrolysis of saponification.

Ester hydrolysis takes place in ester when it is treated with strong acid or enzymes as catalyst.  Reverse of esterification reaction is the ester hydrolysis.

Saponification is the reaction that ester undergoes when a strong base is used to give the product as carboxylic acid salt and alcohol.

Explanation

Reason for correct option:

Under acidic conditions, esters undergo hydrolysis resulting in breakage of the carbon‑oxygen single bond that is present between the “acid part” and “alcohol part”.  The product that is obtained on ester hydrolysis in acidic conditions is carboxylic acid and an alcohol.  Hence, option (a) is the correct one.

Reason for incorrect option:

Option (b) tells that the reaction products of ester hydrolysis under acidic conditions are carboxylic acid and base...

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