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Biology: The Dynamic Science (Mind...

4th Edition
Peter J. Russell + 2 others
ISBN: 9781305389892

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Biology: The Dynamic Science (Mind...

4th Edition
Peter J. Russell + 2 others
ISBN: 9781305389892
Textbook Problem

What organisms are responsible for the synthesis of organic compounds in hydrothermal vent and cold seep communities, and how do they differ from those in the photic zone?

Summary Introduction

To review:

The organisms that synthesize organic compounds in deep-sea thermal vents and cold seep communities are to be named. Also, the difference between the organisms from the photic zone and those that synthesize organic compounds in hydrothermal vents are to be mentioned.

Introduction:

The temperature of the water in the oceans decreases below the freezing point as one proceeds to the bottom of the water body. However, scientists discovered some zones in the oceans comprising hot vents which release steam from the crust. These vents are called thermal vents.

Explanation

The streams from the hot vents contain hydrogen sulfide, where chemoautotrophic bacteria were discovered. They are able to prepare their own food just like the green plants by utilizing hydrogen sulfide to fix carbon...

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