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Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079

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Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079
Textbook Problem

Hydrolysis of an acid anhydride produces

  1. a. two carboxylic acid molecules
  2. b. two alcohol molecules
  3. c. two ester molecules
  4. d. no correct response

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Acid anhydride on hydrolysis produce what has to be chosen from the given options.

Concept Introduction:

Acid anhydrides are organic derivatives of carboxylic acid.  The difference between carboxylic acid and acid anhydride structure is that the OH portion present in the carboxyl group is replaced by a OCOR group.  This gives the structure of acid anhydride as,

Organic And Biological Chemistry, Chapter 5.19, Problem 3QQ

Explanation

Reason for correct option:

The general structural formula for acid anhydride is,

They are very reactive compounds.  This on reaction with water undergoes hydrolysis to form two carboxylic acid molecules.  If the acid anhydride is a symmetric one, then two molecules of same carboxylic acid is obtained on hydrolysis.  If the acid anhydride is an asymmetric one, the two molecules of two different carboxylic acid is obtained.  The general reaction can be given as,

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