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Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079

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Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079
Textbook Problem

In the IUPAC system for naming carboxylic acids the carboxyl carbon atom is always assigned the

  1. a. number 1
  2. b. number 2
  3. c. highest number possible
  4. d. no correct response

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

In naming of carboxylic acids using IUPAC system, the carboxyl atom is always assigned which number has to be chosen from the given options.

Concept Introduction:

For naming a carboxylic acid in IUPAC nomenclature, the suffix “-oic” is added to the parent alkane name.

IUPAC rules for naming a carboxylic acid:

  • The longest parent carbon chain is identified that includes the carboxyl group.
  • The parent chain name is changed by replacing the suffix “-e” with “-oic acid”.
  • Numbering is done in a way that the carboxyl group is designated as number 1.  This is not indicated in the part of the name because for carboxylic acid, the carboxyl carbon is always numbered 1.
  • The identity and location of substituents if any has to be determined and this information has to be added in front of the IUPAC name.
  • If the carboxyl functional group is attached to a ring of carbon atoms, the ring is named and “-carboxylic acid” is added as suffix.
Explanation

Reason for correct option:

Carboxyl group is the functional group of carboxylic acid.  The numbering of the longest carbon chain in carboxylic acid starts from the carboxyl carbon atom.  Therefore, the number 1 is always the carbon atom that is present in carboxyl group.

Therefore, the correct option is option (a).

Reason for incorrect option:

Option (b) tells that in IUPAC system, the carbon atom in the carboxyl group is always assigned the number 2...

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