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Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

9th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781133949640

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Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

9th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781133949640
Chapter 5.5, Problem 1CYU
Textbook Problem
1859 views

The combustion of ethane, C2H6, has an enthalpy change of −2857.3 kJ for the reaction as written below. Calculate △H° for the combustion of 15.0 g of C2H6.

2 C2H6(g) + 7 O2(g) → 4 CO2(g) + 6 H2O(g) Δ r H = 2857.3  kJ/mol-rxn

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The change in enthalpy of ethane when combustion takes place has to be determined.

Concept Introduction:

Standard enthalpy of the reaction:

ΔrHo is the change in enthalpy that happens when matter is transformed by a given chemical reaction, when all reactants and products are in their standard states.

Enthalpy of the reaction:

ΔrH, is the change in enthalpy that happens when matter is transformed by a given chemical reaction

The change in enthalpy, ΔH in kJ per mole of a given reactant for the reaction can be calculated as:

  ΔrH=enthalpy change/1000 number of moles

Explanation of Solution

Given reaction is

2C2H6(g)+7O2(g)4CO2(g)+6H2O(g)ΔfH0=-2857.3kJ/mol

  ΔrHo=-2857

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Chapter 5 Solutions

Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity
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Ch. 5.4 - Nitrogen gas (2.75 L) is confined in a cylinder...Ch. 5.4 - Which of the following processes will lead to a...Ch. 5.4 - 2. In which of the following reactions is there a...Ch. 5.5 - The combustion of ethane, C2H6, has an enthalpy...Ch. 5.5 - 1. For the reaction 2 Hg(l) + O2(g) → 2 HgO(s),...Ch. 5.5 - 2. For the reaction 2 CO(g) + O2(g) → 2 CO2(g)....Ch. 5.6 - Assume 200. mL of 0.400 M HCl is mixed with 200....Ch. 5.6 - A 1.00-g sample of ordinary table sugar (sucrose,...Ch. 5.6 - A student used a coffee-cup calorimeter to...Ch. 5.6 - If, in the experiment described in the previous...Ch. 5.7 - Use Hesss law to calculate the enthalpy change for...Ch. 5.7 - Calculate the standard enthalpy of combustion for...Ch. 5.7 - 1. The standard enthalpy of formation for AlCl3 is...Ch. 5.7 - The standard enthalpies of formation of KNO3(s)...Ch. 5.7 - The enthalpy of reaction of guncotton depends on...Ch. 5.7 - The decomposition of nitroglycerin (C3H5N3O9)...Ch. 5.7 - 2. Acetic acid is made by the reaction CH3OH(l) +...Ch. 5 - Define the terms system and surroundings. What...Ch. 5 - What determines the directionality of energy...Ch. 5 - Identify whether the following processes are...Ch. 5 - Identify whether the following processes are...Ch. 5 - The molar heat capacity of mercury is 28.1 J/mol ...Ch. 5 - The specific heat capacity of benzene (C6H6) is...Ch. 5 - The specific heat capacity of copper metal is...Ch. 5 - How much energy as heat is required to raise the...Ch. 5 - The initial temperature of a 344-g sample of iron...Ch. 5 - After absorbing 1.850 kJ of energy as heat, the...Ch. 5 - A 45.5-g sample of copper at 99.8 C is dropped...Ch. 5 - One beaker contains 156 g of water at 22 C, and a...Ch. 5 - A 182-g sample of gold at some temperature was...Ch. 5 - When 108 g of water at a temperature of 22.5 C is...Ch. 5 - A 13.8-g piece of zinc is heated to 98.8 C in...Ch. 5 - A 237-g piece of molybdenum, initially at 100.0 C,...Ch. 5 - How much energy is evolved as heat when 1.0 L of...Ch. 5 - The energy required to melt 1.00 g of ice at 0 C...Ch. 5 - How much energy is required to vaporize 125 g of...Ch. 5 - Chloromethane, CH3CI, arises from microbial...Ch. 5 - The freezing point of mercury is 38.8 C. 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CH3CO2H, is made industrially by the...Ch. 5 - You mix 125 mL of 0.250 M CsOH with 50.0 mL of...Ch. 5 - You mix 125 mL of 0.250 M CsOH with 50.0 mL of...Ch. 5 - A piece of titanium metal with a mass of 20.8 g is...Ch. 5 - A piece of chromium metal with a mass of 24.26 g...Ch. 5 - Adding 5.44 g of NH4NO3(s) to 150.0 g of water in...Ch. 5 - You should use care when dissolving H2SO4 in water...Ch. 5 - Sulfur (2.56 g) was burned in a constant-volume...Ch. 5 - Suppose you burned 0.300 g of C(s) in an excess of...Ch. 5 - Suppose you burned 1.500 g of benzoic acid,...Ch. 5 - A 0.692-g sample of glucose, C6H12O6, was burned...Ch. 5 - An ice calorimeter can be used to determine the...Ch. 5 - A 9.36-g piece of platinum was heated to 98.6 C in...Ch. 5 - The enthalpy changes for the following reactions...Ch. 5 - The enthalpy changes of the following reactions...Ch. 5 - Enthalpy changes for the following reactions can...Ch. 5 - You wish to know the enthalpy change for the...Ch. 5 - Write a balanced chemical equation for the...Ch. 5 - Write a balanced chemical equation for the...Ch. 5 - (a) Write a balanced chemical equation for the...Ch. 5 - (a) Write a balanced chemical equation for the...Ch. 5 - Use standard enthalpies of formation in Appendix L...Ch. 5 - Use standard enthalpies of formation in Appendix L...Ch. 5 - The first step in the production of nitric acid...Ch. 5 - The Romans used calcium oxide, CaO, to produce a...Ch. 5 - The standard enthalpy of formation of solid barium...Ch. 5 - An important step in the production of sulfuric...Ch. 5 - The enthalpy change for the oxidation of...Ch. 5 - The enthalpy change for the oxidation of styrene....Ch. 5 - The following terms are used extensively in...Ch. 5 - For each of the following, tell whether the...Ch. 5 - For each of the following, define a system and its...Ch. 5 - What does the term standard state mean? 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