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Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079

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Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079
Textbook Problem

At room temperature, unsubstituted saturated monocarboxylic acids with up to nine carbon atoms are

  1. a. gases
  2. b. liquids
  3. c. solids
  4. d. no correct response

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Physical state of unsubstituted saturated monocarboxylic acid that contain up to nine carbon atoms has to be chosen from the given options.

Concept Introduction:

Physical property of carboxylic acid is decided by the carbon chain and the functional group.  Carboxylic acids are highly polar, as the carboxyl group is more polar.  Due to this polar nature, the melting and boiling point are very high.  Monocarboxylic acids that are unsubstituted which contains up to nine carbon atoms are present in liquid state.  They have very sharp odor.  Monocarboxylic acids that have more than ten carbon atoms in an unbranched fashion are waxy solids.  They do not have any odor because of low volatility.  Similar to this, dicarboxylic acids and aromatic carboxylic acids do not have any odor and they are solids.

Explanation

Reason for correct option:

Monocarboxylic acids that do not have any branching and saturated which contain up to nine carbon atoms in its structure are found to be in liquid state.  They have a very sharp odor also.

Therefore, the correct option is option (b).

Reason for incorrect option:

Option (a) tells that the physical state of monocarboxylic acids that are unbranched saturated containing up to nine carbon atoms are gas at room temperature...

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