   Chapter 5.6, Problem 18E Elementary Geometry For College St...

7th Edition
Alexander + 2 others
ISBN: 9781337614085

Solutions

Chapter
Section Elementary Geometry For College St...

7th Edition
Alexander + 2 others
ISBN: 9781337614085
Textbook Problem

Exercises 18 and 19 are based on a theorem ( not stated) that is the converse of Theorem 5.6.3. See the figure on page 267. Given: N P = 4 , M N = 8 , P Q = 3 , and M Q = 6 ; m ∠ P = 63 ∘ and m ∠ M = 27 ∘ Find: m ∠ P N Q (HINT: N P M N = P Q M Q . ) To determine

To find:

mPNQ.

Explanation

Given:

NQ bisects MNP, NP=4,MN=8,PQ=3,MQ=6,mP=63,mM=27.

Theorem used:

Angle bisector theorem:

If a ray bisects one angle of a triangle, then it divides the opposite side into segments whose lengths are proportional to the lengths of the two sides that form the bisected angle.

Calculation:

Given: NQ bisects MNP.

Then by angle-bisector theorem, the ray NQ divides the opposite side into segments whose lengths are proportional to the lengths of the two sides that form the bisected angle.

NPMN=PQMQ

In a triangle the sum of the angles is 180.

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