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Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079

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Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079
Textbook Problem

Aromatic carboxylic acids are prepared via oxidation of

  1. a. phenols
  2. b. benzene
  3. c. alkyl substituted benzenes
  4. d. no correct response

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Oxidation of which compound leads to the formation of aromatic carboxylic acids has to be chosen from the given options.

Concept Introduction:

In organic chemistry, oxidation reaction is referred to the number CO bonds increase and/or number of CH bonds decrease.

In organic chemistry, reduction reaction is referred to the number CO bonds decrease and/or number of CH bonds increase.

Alcohols undergo oxidation reaction and reduction reaction.  This depends upon the number of hydrogen atoms that is bonded to the alpha carbon atom.  Primary and secondary alcohol undergoes oxidation reaction while tertiary alcohol does not undergo oxidation reaction.  Primary alcohols undergo oxidation to give aldehyde and carboxylic acid as product.  Secondary alcohol undergoes oxidation to give ketone as the product.

Aldehyde undergoes oxidation to give carboxylic acid as the product while ketone does not undergo oxidation reaction.

Aromatic carboxylic acids are prepared from alkyl substituted benzenes.

Explanation

Reason for correct option:

Oxidation of the alkyl side chain in a benzene derivative leads to the formation of aromatic acids.  All the carbon atoms in alkyl group are lost except the one that is attached to the ring.  The one carbon that is attached to the ring becomes a part of carboxyl functional group.  This can be depicted as shown below,

Therefore, the correct option is option (c)...

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