Biology: The Dynamic Science (Mind...

4th Edition
Peter J. Russell + 2 others
ISBN: 9781305389892



Biology: The Dynamic Science (Mind...

4th Edition
Peter J. Russell + 2 others
ISBN: 9781305389892
Textbook Problem

A stimulus that always causes an animal to behave in a highly stereotyped way is called:

a. fixed action pattern.

b. an instinct.

c. habituation.

d. a sign stimulus.

e. a reinforcement.

Summary Introduction


The behavior of animals is developed through their genes and environmental interactions. There are two types of behavior, instinctive behavior, which is strong genetic basis, and learned behavior, which is strong experimental basis. Instinctive behaviors are demonstrated without prior experience and are grouped into functional categories.


Justification/explanation for the correct answer:

Option (d) is given as “the stimulus that triggers the highly stereotyped behavior is called a sign stimulus.” The behaviors that are repeated regularly are known as fixed action patterns. An example for this is the transfer of food from the parents of herring gull to their offspring. Hence, option (d) is correct.

Explanation for the incorrect answer:

Option (a) is given as “fixed action pattern.” The fixed action pattern is that certain behavior that is triggered by a sign stimulus and performed in a repetitive manner. It is triggered by the sign stimulus. So, it is an incorrect option. 

Option (b) is given as “instinct.” The instinct is the capability of an animal to carry out a behavior for the first time when it is exposed to the proper stimulus...

Still sussing out bartleby?

Check out a sample textbook solution.

See a sample solution

The Solution to Your Study Problems

Bartleby provides explanations to thousands of textbook problems written by our experts, many with advanced degrees!

Get Started

Additional Science Solutions

Find more solutions based on key concepts

Show solutions add

Define the following terms: a. chromosome b. chromatin

Human Heredity: Principles and Issues (MindTap Course List)

What is the declination of the sun on october 30th?

Fundamentals of Physical Geography

Fasting hypoglycemia maybe caused by all except a. pancreatic tumors. b. poorly controlled diabetes. c. overuse...

Nutrition: Concepts and Controversies - Standalone book (MindTap Course List)