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Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079

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Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079
Textbook Problem

Which of the following statements about acid strength for carboxylic acids is correct?

  1. a. All are weak acids.
  2. b. Some are weak acids and others are strong acids.
  3. c. All are strong acids.
  4. d. no correct response

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The statement that is true about the acid strength of carboxylic acid that is correct has to be chosen from the given options.

Concept Introduction:

The name of the carboxylic acid itself implies that it is acidic.  Addition of carboxylic acid to water results in ionization.  Hydrogen ion transfer occurs from carboxylic acid to water and hydronium ion is formed.  Carboxylate ion is also formed due to the loss of hydrogen ion from carboxylic acid.

Carboxylate ion is the negative ion which is formed when one or more acidic protons are lost from carboxylic acid.

Explanation

Reason for correct option:

Carboxylic acids undergo ionization in water to form hydronium ion and carboxylate ion.  The extent of ionization in pure carboxylic acid alone is less than 5 percent.  This means that the equilibrium lies far left as shown below,

From this it is understood that all carboxylic acids are weak acids.

Therefore, the correct option is option (a)...

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