Nutrition Through the Life Cycle (...

6th Edition
Judith E. Brown
ISBN: 9781305628007



Nutrition Through the Life Cycle (...

6th Edition
Judith E. Brown
ISBN: 9781305628007
Textbook Problem

Describe four of the nutritional benefits of human milk to the infant.

Summary Introduction

To describe: Four nutritional benefits of human milk to the infant.

Introduction: Human milk is the only natural source available to an infant for nutrients and energy for a proper growth and development. The immune system of a newborn mainly depends on the milk provided. As a newborn is highly vulnerable to infections, the human milk protects the baby from a wide spectrum of infections and diseases.


Human breast milk is the primary source of food for an infant, which supplies nutrients and energy to the infant. The four nutritional benefits are written below:

  1. 1. Human milk is high in lactose content. Lactose is essential for calcium absorption and it promotes growth of good bacteria while inhibiting the growth of harmful bacteria in the gut of the feeding infant.
  2. 2. Human breast milk is isotonic with the blood plasma. Hence, an infant who is fed with breast milk maintains the hydration level, even in warm or dry weather.
  3. 3. Human milk is rich in immunological proteins such as immunoglobulin A...

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