   Chapter 6, Problem 12DQ ### Cornerstones of Financial Accounti...

4th Edition
Jay Rich + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337690881

#### Solutions

Chapter
Section ### Cornerstones of Financial Accounti...

4th Edition
Jay Rich + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337690881
Textbook Problem
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# Why do the four inventory costing methods produce different amounts for the cost of ending inventory and cost of goods sold?

To determine

Concept introduction:

FIFO method:

FIFO Stands for First In First Out. Under this method, the units purchased first are assumed to be sold first and cost of goods sold is calculated accordingly. The ending inventory in the method includes the latest units purchased.

LIFO method:

LIFO Stands for Last In First Out. Under this method, the latest units purchased are assumed to be sold first and cost of goods sold is calculated accordingly. The ending inventory in the method includes the oldest units purchased.

Specific identification method:

Under this method the cost of goods sold and ending inventory units are identifiable and the cost is calculated accurately for each unit sold and in the inventory.

Weighted Average method:

Under this method, the cost per unit of the inventory is calculated as weighted average cost per unit and the cost of goods sold and inventory is calculated with the help of weighted average cost per unit.

To indicate:

The reason why the four inventory costing systems produce different amounts for the cost of ending inventory and cost of goods sold.

Explanation

The four inventory costing systems are explained as follows:

FIFO Stands for First In First Out. Under this method, the units purchased first are assumed to be sold first and cost of goods sold is calculated accordingly. The ending inventory in the method includes the latest units purchased.

LIFO Stands for Last In First Out. Under this method, the latest units purchased are assumed to be sold first and cost of goods sold is calculated accordingly. The ending inventory in the method includes the oldest units purchased...

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