BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry In Focus

7th Edition
Tro + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning,
ISBN: 9781337399692

Solutions

Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry In Focus

7th Edition
Tro + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning,
ISBN: 9781337399692
Chapter 6, Problem 20E
Textbook Problem
13 views

Give the general formula, including the functional group, and draw condensed structural formulas for two examples of each type of the following organic compounds:

a. alkane

b. alkene

c. alkyne

d. aromatic

e. chlorinated hydrocarbon

f. alcohol

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The general formulas including the functional group and the condensed structural formulas with two examples are to be represented for the given organic compounds.

Concept Introduction:

A graphic representation of a chemical compound is considered a structural formula. It represents the arrangement of atoms.

In a compound, the bond between atoms is represented by the absence of a line which is known as a condensed structural formula.

A group of atoms accountable for the specific reactions in order to form a particular compound is known as functional groups.

An organic compound is considered a hydrocarbon if it only consists of carbon and hydrogen atoms. The atoms in a hydrocarbon compound are linked by a single, double, or triple bond.

Explanation of Solution

a) Alkane

A hydrocarbon compound in which all the carbon atoms are bonded by single bonds is known as an alkane. The general formula for alkane can be represented as follows:

Here, n is the number of carbon atoms in the molecule. The carbons are sp3 hybridized.

The condensed structural formulas for examples of alkane can be represented as follows:

CH3CH3CH3CH2CH3

b) Alkene

A hydrocarbon compound in which at least one carbon atom is bonded by double bonds that is the carbon is sp2 hybridized is known as an alkene. The general formula for alkene can be represented as follows:

CnH2n

Here, n is the number of carbon atoms in the molecule.

The condensed structural formulas for examples of alkene can be represented as follows:

CH2=CH3CH3CH=CH2

c) Alkyne

A hydrocarbon compound in which at least one carbon atom is bonded by triple bonds is known as an alkyne. The general formula for alkyne can be represented as follows:

CnH2n2

Here, n is the number of carbon atoms in the molecule. The carbons are sp hybridized

The condensed structural formulas for examples of alkyne can be represented as follows:

CHCHCH3CCH

d) Aromatic

Organic compounds that consist of a conjugated planar ring with delocalized pi-electron are known as aromatic compounds

Still sussing out bartleby?

Check out a sample textbook solution.

See a sample solution

The Solution to Your Study Problems

Bartleby provides explanations to thousands of textbook problems written by our experts, many with advanced degrees!

Get Started

Chapter 6 Solutions

Chemistry In Focus
Show all chapter solutions
add
Ch. 6 - To what family does the molecule CH3COOCH3 belong?...Ch. 6 - Define organic chemistry.Ch. 6 - Why is carbon unique?Ch. 6 - What is the geometry about a carbon atom that is...Ch. 6 - Classify each of the following as organic or...Ch. 6 - What is vitalism? Why did vitalism become a...Ch. 6 - How did the belief in vitalism end?Ch. 6 - What are hydrocarbons? Functionalized...Ch. 6 - What are the general formulas for alkanes,...Ch. 6 - Draw the structural formula and condensed...Ch. 6 - List four common fuels used by our society, and...Ch. 6 - How does the boiling point of alkanes vary with...Ch. 6 - Why are alkenes and alkynes called unsaturated...Ch. 6 - What are the main properties of alkanes?Ch. 6 - If water is combined with motor oil, the two...Ch. 6 - Write an equation for the combustion of butane.Ch. 6 - Draw structural formulas for propene and propyne.Ch. 6 - What is ethylene (ethene) used for? What is...Ch. 6 - What are isomers? Give an example.Ch. 6 - Do isomers have identical properties?Ch. 6 - Give the general formula, including the functional...Ch. 6 - Give the general formula, including the functional...Ch. 6 - What family of organic compound would most likely...Ch. 6 - What was DDT used for? What were the problems...Ch. 6 - What are chlorofluorocarbons? What are their uses?...Ch. 6 - What are the effects of ethanol on the body?Ch. 6 - What is used as a treatment for the ingestion of...Ch. 6 - What is formaldehyde used for?Ch. 6 - Where is acrolein found?Ch. 6 - Where are benzaldehyde and cinnamaldehyde found?Ch. 6 - What is a common use for acetone?Ch. 6 - Where might you find 2-heptanone, ionone, and...Ch. 6 - In what kinds of foods might you find carboxylic...Ch. 6 - Where might you find ethyl butyrate, methyl...Ch. 6 - What kind of odor is associated with amines?Ch. 6 - Hydrocarbon Structures Draw the structural formula...Ch. 6 - Draw the structural formula of the hydrocarbon...Ch. 6 - Draw the structural formula for the straight-chain...Ch. 6 - Draw the structural formula for the straight-chain...Ch. 6 - Draw structural formulas for any two isomers of...Ch. 6 - Draw structural formulas for any three isomers of...Ch. 6 - Draw the structural formula for n-heptene. How...Ch. 6 - Draw the structural formula for n-octyne. How many...Ch. 6 - Naming Hydrocarbons Name each alkane:Ch. 6 - Name each alkane:Ch. 6 - Name each alkyne:Ch. 6 - Name each alkyne: a.CH3CHCHCH2CH2CH3Ch. 6 - Name each alkyne:Ch. 6 - Name each alkyne: a.CH3CCCH2CH3b.CHCHCh. 6 - Name each compound:Ch. 6 - Name each compound:Ch. 6 - Drawing Hydrocarbon Structures from Names Draw the...Ch. 6 - Draw the condensed structural formula for each...Ch. 6 - Draw the condensed structural formula for each...Ch. 6 - Draw the condensed structural formula for each...Ch. 6 - Alkene Reactions Name the product of the reaction:...Ch. 6 - Name the product of the reaction: CH2=CHCH3+H2Ch. 6 - Functionalized Hydrocarbons Identify each compound...Ch. 6 - Identify each compound according to its functional...Ch. 6 - Identify each compound according to its functional...Ch. 6 - Identify each compound according to its functional...Ch. 6 - Propane, CH3CH2CH3, is a gas at room temperature,...Ch. 6 - Ethane, CH3CH3, is a gas at room temperature,...Ch. 6 - What was the impact of vitalisms downfall on...Ch. 6 - Why do you think our society has mixed feelings...Ch. 6 - Devise a molecular theory to explain why many...Ch. 6 - Wohler's synthesis of an organic compound...Ch. 6 - Our understanding of organic molecules and...Ch. 6 - Any one molecule can be represented many ways. For...Ch. 6 - Explain why the formula CH3CH2CH3 cannot mean:...Ch. 6 - Look at each of the following space-filling...Ch. 6 - Look at the following photo of the label for Dial...Ch. 6 - Obtain one of the following household items, copy...Ch. 6 - Read The Molecular Revolution box in this chapter...

Additional Science Textbook Solutions

Find more solutions based on key concepts
Show solutions add
Vitamin A supplements can help treat acne. T F

Nutrition: Concepts and Controversies - Standalone book (MindTap Course List)

The metric prefix micro- means ___. (1.5)

An Introduction to Physical Science

What is population genetics?

Human Heredity: Principles and Issues (MindTap Course List)

A glass object receives a positive charge by rubbing it with a silk cloth. In the rubbing process, haw protons ...

Physics for Scientists and Engineers, Technology Update (No access codes included)

What type of remnant do the lowest-mass main-sequence stars become?

Foundations of Astronomy (MindTap Course List)