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Cornerstones of Financial Accounti...

4th Edition
Jay Rich + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337690881

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Cornerstones of Financial Accounti...

4th Edition
Jay Rich + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337690881
Textbook Problem
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Recording Purchases and Shipping Terms

On May 12, Digital Distributors received three shipments of merchandise. The first was shipped F.O.B. shipping point, had a total invoice price of $142,500, and was delivered by a trucking company that charged an additional $8,300 for transportation charges from Digital. The second was shipped F.O.B. shipping point and had a total invoice price of $87,250, including transportation charges of $5,700 that were prepaid by the seller. The third shipment was shipped F.O.B. destination and had an invoice price of $21,650, excluding transportation charges of $1,125 paid by the seller. Digital uses a perpetual inventory system. Digital has not paid any of the invoices.

Required:

Prepare journal entries to record these purchases.

To determine

Concept introduction:

Perpetual Inventory System:

The perpetual inventory system records and updates the inventory after each and every transaction. The inventory balance is updated after each transaction and it is kept up to date at every time.

FOB shipping point:

FOB shipping point stands for Free On Board shipping point. It is a term for selling the merchandise, under which the delivery of goods is completed when the goods are shipped from the seller’s place. The goods in transit belong to the buyer and buyer bears the cost of transportation after the shipping point. In case of FOB shipping point, the goods in transit should be included in the buyer’s inventory.

FOB destination:

FOB destination stands for Free On Board destination. It is a term for selling the merchandise, under which the delivery of goods is completed when the goods are reached at buyer’s destination. The goods in transit belong to the seller and seller bears the cost of transportation till the buyer’s destination. In case of FOB destination, the goods in transit should be included in the seller inventory.

To prepare:

The journal entries for the given transactions:

Explanation

The journal entries for the given transactions are explained as follows:

Digital Distributors
Journal Entries
Perpetual Inventory System
# Date Account Title Debit Credit
1 May. 12 Merchandise Inventory (142500+8300) $ 150,800
Accounts Payable $ 150,800

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