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Communication Golden Eagle Company began operations on April 1 by selling a single product. Data on purchases and sales for the year are as follows: Purchases: Sales: The president of the company, Connie Kilmer, has asked for your advice on which inventory cost flow method should be used for the 32,000-unit physical inventory that was taken on December 31. The company plans to expand its product line in the future and uses the periodic inventory system. Write a brief memo to Ms. Kilmer comparing and contrasting the LIFO and FIFO inventory cost flow methods and their potential impacts on the company’s financial statements.

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Financial And Managerial Accounting

15th Edition
WARREN + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning,
ISBN: 9781337902663

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Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Financial And Managerial Accounting

15th Edition
WARREN + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning,
ISBN: 9781337902663
Chapter 6, Problem 4TIF
Textbook Problem
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Communication

Golden Eagle Company began operations on April 1 by selling a single product. Data on purchases and sales for the year are as follows:

Purchases:

Chapter 6, Problem 4TIF, Communication Golden Eagle Company began operations on April 1 by selling a single product. Data on , example  1

Sales:

Chapter 6, Problem 4TIF, Communication Golden Eagle Company began operations on April 1 by selling a single product. Data on , example  2

The president of the company, Connie Kilmer, has asked for your advice on which inventory cost flow method should be used for the 32,000-unit physical inventory that was taken on December 31. The company plans to expand its product line in the future and uses the periodic inventory system.

Write a brief memo to Ms. Kilmer comparing and contrasting the LIFO and FIFO inventory cost flow methods and their potential impacts on the company’s financial statements.

To determine

Prepare the memo to Ms. CK of GE Company.

Explanation of Solution

Periodic Inventory System:

Periodic inventory system is a system, in which the inventory is updated in the accounting records on a periodic basis such as at the end of each month, quarter or year. In other words, it is an accounting method which is used to determine the amount of inventory at the end of each accounting period.

First-in-First-Out:

In First-in-First-Out method, the costs of the initially purchased items are considered as cost of goods sold, for the items which are sold first. The value of the ending inventory consists of the recent purchased items.

Last-in-Last-Out:

In Last-in-First-Out method, the costs of last purchased items are considered as the cost of goods sold, for the items which are sold first. The value of the closing stock consists of the initial purchased items.

Prepare the memo to Ms. CK of GE Company:

From:

    XYZ

To:

    Ms. CK

  President

    GE Company.

Re: Comparison of LIFO and FIFO inventory methods.

Dear Ms. K,

LIFO (Last in first out) and FIFO (First in first out) are two alternate methods of applied for calculating cost of units that are sold and for cost of units that are remaining in the ending inventory at the end of the year in balance sheet.

The LIFO method is viewed as the best method for replicating the operational performance of the business by depicting the income from operations. The reason is that LIFO method matches the most current cost of inventory purchases against existing sales of the company.

The cost of ending inventory under LIFO is shown as below:

Ending Inventory
31,000Units at $36.60$ 1,134,600
1,000Units at $39.00$ 39,000
32,000 $ 1,173,600

Table (1)

The cost of merchandise sold is calculated as below:

Cost of merchandise sold (LIFO)
ParticularsAmount ($)
Cost of merchandise available for sale8,148,000
Less: Ending Inventory1,173,600
Cost of merchandise sold6,974,400

Table (2)

The gross profit is calculated as under:

Gross profit (LIFO)
ParticularsAmount ($)
Sales10,000,000
Less: Cost of merchandise sold6,974,400
Gross Profit3,025,600

Table (3)

From the above calculations, the gross profit of $3,025,600 reflects the matching of most current cost of purchases of the product of $6,974,400 against the sales of $10,000,000...

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Chapter 6 Solutions

Financial And Managerial Accounting
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