BuyFindarrow_forward

Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079

Solutions

Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079
Textbook Problem

Assign IUPAC names to each of the following compounds.

Chapter 6, Problem 6.115EP, Assign IUPAC names to each of the following compounds. , example  1

Chapter 6, Problem 6.115EP, Assign IUPAC names to each of the following compounds. , example  2

Chapter 6, Problem 6.115EP, Assign IUPAC names to each of the following compounds. , example  3

Chapter 6, Problem 6.115EP, Assign IUPAC names to each of the following compounds. , example  4

(a)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

IUPAC name of the given compound has to be assigned.

Concept Introduction:

Amides are derivatives of carboxylic acid.  This is the reason that their names are completely based on the parent carboxylic acid.

IUPAC rules for naming an amide:

  • The end in name of the carboxylic acid is changed from “-ic acid” or “-oic acid” to “-amide”.
  • The groups attached to the nitrogen are appended to front of base name by using N-prefix as locator.

For amides, IUPAC name and common names are given using the same rules.

Explanation

Given structure of compound is,

The IUPAC name of parent carboxylic acid is found to be hexanoic acid...

(b)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

IUPAC name of the given compound has to be assigned.

Concept Introduction:

IUPAC nomenclature for amine:  There are about five rules to be followed in giving IUPAC name for an amine.

  • Longest carbon chain has to be identified that is attached to nitrogen atom.
  • Suffix “-e” in name of the parent chain alkane is replaced by “-amine”.
  • Numbering of the carbon chain is done from the end that is near the nitrogen atom.
  • Point of attachment of the nitrogen atom in the carbon chain is indicated by a number before the parent chain name.
  • In case if substituents are present, then the identity and location of substituents are appended to the front in the parent chain name.

If the compound contains two amine groups, then the suffix “-e” is replaced by diamine.  Tertiary and secondary amines are named as N-substituted primary amines.

Common name for amine is given in a single word.  Primary amine is named as alkylamine.  Secondary amine is named as alkylalkylamine.  Tertiary amine is named as alkylalkylalkylamine.

In a line-angle structural formula, the point of intersection and the end points represent a carbon atom.

(c)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

IUPAC name of the given compound has to be assigned.

Concept Introduction:

IUPAC nomenclature for amine:  There are about five rules to be followed in giving IUPAC name for an amine.

  • Longest carbon chain has to be identified that is attached to nitrogen atom.
  • Suffix “-e” in name of the parent chain alkane is replaced by “-amine”.
  • Numbering of the carbon chain is done from the end that is near the nitrogen atom.
  • Point of attachment of the nitrogen atom in the carbon chain is indicated by a number before the parent chain name.
  • In case if substituents are present, then the identity and location of substituents are appended to the front in the parent chain name.

If the compound contains two amine groups, then the suffix “-e” is replaced by diamine.  Tertiary and secondary amines are named as N-substituted primary amines.

Common name for amine is given in a single word.  Primary amine is named as alkylamine.  Secondary amine is named as alkylalkylamine.  Tertiary amine is named as alkylalkylalkylamine.

In a line-angle structural formula, the point of intersection and the end points represent a carbon atom.

(d)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

IUPAC name of the given compound has to be assigned.

Concept Introduction:

IUPAC nomenclature for amine:  There are about five rules to be followed in giving IUPAC name for an amine.

  • Longest carbon chain has to be identified that is attached to nitrogen atom.
  • Suffix “-e” in name of the parent chain alkane is replaced by “-amine”.
  • Numbering of the carbon chain is done from the end that is near the nitrogen atom.
  • Point of attachment of the nitrogen atom in the carbon chain is indicated by a number before the parent chain name.
  • In case if substituents are present, then the identity and location of substituents are appended to the front in the parent chain name.

If the compound contains two amine groups, then the suffix “-e” is replaced by diamine.  Tertiary and secondary amines are named as N-substituted primary amines.

Common name for amine is given in a single word.  Primary amine is named as alkylamine.  Secondary amine is named as alkylalkylamine.  Tertiary amine is named as alkylalkylalkylamine.

In a line-angle structural formula, the point of intersection and the end points represent a carbon atom.

Still sussing out bartleby?

Check out a sample textbook solution.

See a sample solution

The Solution to Your Study Problems

Bartleby provides explanations to thousands of textbook problems written by our experts, many with advanced degrees!

Get Started
Sect-6.4 P-1QQSect-6.4 P-2QQSect-6.5 P-1QQSect-6.5 P-2QQSect-6.5 P-3QQSect-6.6 P-1QQSect-6.6 P-2QQSect-6.6 P-3QQSect-6.7 P-1QQSect-6.7 P-2QQSect-6.7 P-3QQSect-6.8 P-1QQSect-6.8 P-2QQSect-6.8 P-3QQSect-6.8 P-4QQSect-6.9 P-1QQSect-6.9 P-2QQSect-6.10 P-1QQSect-6.10 P-2QQSect-6.10 P-3QQSect-6.10 P-4QQSect-6.11 P-1QQSect-6.11 P-2QQSect-6.11 P-3QQSect-6.12 P-1QQSect-6.12 P-2QQSect-6.12 P-3QQSect-6.12 P-4QQSect-6.13 P-1QQSect-6.13 P-2QQSect-6.13 P-3QQSect-6.13 P-4QQSect-6.14 P-1QQSect-6.14 P-2QQSect-6.14 P-3QQSect-6.15 P-1QQSect-6.15 P-2QQSect-6.16 P-1QQSect-6.16 P-2QQSect-6.16 P-3QQSect-6.17 P-1QQSect-6.17 P-2QQSect-6.17 P-3QQSect-6.18 P-1QQSect-6.18 P-2QQSect-6.18 P-3QQSect-6.19 P-1QQSect-6.19 P-2QQSect-6.19 P-3QQSect-6.19 P-4QQCh-6 P-6.1EPCh-6 P-6.2EPCh-6 P-6.3EPCh-6 P-6.4EPCh-6 P-6.5EPCh-6 P-6.6EPCh-6 P-6.7EPCh-6 P-6.8EPCh-6 P-6.9EPCh-6 P-6.10EPCh-6 P-6.11EPCh-6 P-6.12EPCh-6 P-6.13EPCh-6 P-6.14EPCh-6 P-6.15EPCh-6 P-6.16EPCh-6 P-6.17EPCh-6 P-6.18EPCh-6 P-6.19EPCh-6 P-6.20EPCh-6 P-6.21EPCh-6 P-6.22EPCh-6 P-6.23EPCh-6 P-6.24EPCh-6 P-6.25EPCh-6 P-6.26EPCh-6 P-6.27EPCh-6 P-6.28EPCh-6 P-6.29EPCh-6 P-6.30EPCh-6 P-6.31EPCh-6 P-6.32EPCh-6 P-6.33EPCh-6 P-6.34EPCh-6 P-6.35EPCh-6 P-6.36EPCh-6 P-6.37EPCh-6 P-6.38EPCh-6 P-6.39EPCh-6 P-6.40EPCh-6 P-6.41EPCh-6 P-6.42EPCh-6 P-6.43EPCh-6 P-6.44EPCh-6 P-6.45EPCh-6 P-6.46EPCh-6 P-6.47EPCh-6 P-6.48EPCh-6 P-6.49EPCh-6 P-6.50EPCh-6 P-6.51EPCh-6 P-6.52EPCh-6 P-6.53EPCh-6 P-6.54EPCh-6 P-6.55EPCh-6 P-6.56EPCh-6 P-6.57EPCh-6 P-6.58EPCh-6 P-6.59EPCh-6 P-6.60EPCh-6 P-6.61EPCh-6 P-6.62EPCh-6 P-6.63EPCh-6 P-6.64EPCh-6 P-6.65EPCh-6 P-6.66EPCh-6 P-6.67EPCh-6 P-6.68EPCh-6 P-6.69EPCh-6 P-6.70EPCh-6 P-6.71EPCh-6 P-6.72EPCh-6 P-6.73EPCh-6 P-6.74EPCh-6 P-6.75EPCh-6 P-6.76EPCh-6 P-6.77EPCh-6 P-6.78EPCh-6 P-6.79EPCh-6 P-6.80EPCh-6 P-6.81EPCh-6 P-6.82EPCh-6 P-6.83EPCh-6 P-6.84EPCh-6 P-6.85EPCh-6 P-6.86EPCh-6 P-6.87EPCh-6 P-6.88EPCh-6 P-6.89EPCh-6 P-6.90EPCh-6 P-6.91EPCh-6 P-6.92EPCh-6 P-6.93EPCh-6 P-6.94EPCh-6 P-6.95EPCh-6 P-6.96EPCh-6 P-6.97EPCh-6 P-6.98EPCh-6 P-6.99EPCh-6 P-6.100EPCh-6 P-6.101EPCh-6 P-6.102EPCh-6 P-6.103EPCh-6 P-6.104EPCh-6 P-6.105EPCh-6 P-6.106EPCh-6 P-6.107EPCh-6 P-6.108EPCh-6 P-6.109EPCh-6 P-6.110EPCh-6 P-6.111EPCh-6 P-6.112EPCh-6 P-6.113EPCh-6 P-6.114EPCh-6 P-6.115EPCh-6 P-6.116EPCh-6 P-6.117EPCh-6 P-6.118EPCh-6 P-6.119EPCh-6 P-6.120EPCh-6 P-6.121EPCh-6 P-6.122EPCh-6 P-6.123EPCh-6 P-6.124EPCh-6 P-6.125EPCh-6 P-6.126EPCh-6 P-6.127EPCh-6 P-6.128EPCh-6 P-6.129EPCh-6 P-6.130EPCh-6 P-6.131EPCh-6 P-6.132EPCh-6 P-6.133EPCh-6 P-6.134EPCh-6 P-6.135EPCh-6 P-6.136EPCh-6 P-6.137EPCh-6 P-6.138EPCh-6 P-6.139EPCh-6 P-6.140EPCh-6 P-6.141EPCh-6 P-6.142EPCh-6 P-6.143EPCh-6 P-6.144EPCh-6 P-6.145EPCh-6 P-6.146EPCh-6 P-6.147EPCh-6 P-6.148EPCh-6 P-6.149EPCh-6 P-6.150EPCh-6 P-6.151EPCh-6 P-6.152EPCh-6 P-6.153EPCh-6 P-6.154EP

Additional Science Solutions

Find more solutions based on key concepts

Show solutions add

Write an equation for the activation of palmitic acid 16 carbons.

Chemistry for Today: General, Organic, and Biochemistry

Children and pregnant or lactating women should definitely not consume fish because of contamination. T F

Nutrition: Concepts and Controversies - Standalone book (MindTap Course List)

Match the concepts:

Human Biology (MindTap Course List)

List at least three major risk factors for developing severe hyperbilirubinemia.

Nutrition Through the Life Cycle (MindTap Course List)

Provide two reasons why meiosis leads to genetic variation in diploid organisms.

Human Heredity: Principles and Issues (MindTap Course List)

What is the function of the central vacuole in plants?

Biology: The Dynamic Science (MindTap Course List)

Assign an IUPAC name to each of the following ethers.

General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry

What are the moral implications of using ergogenic aids?

Understanding Nutrition (MindTap Course List)

A particle is suspended from a post on top of a can by a light string of length L. as shown in Figure P9.57a. T...

Physics for Scientists and Engineers, Technology Update (No access codes included)