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Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079

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Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079
Textbook Problem

Indicate whether or not each of the following substances exhibits basic behavior in aqueous solution.

  1. a. Propanamide
  2. b. 1-Propanamine

Chapter 6, Problem 6.123EP, Indicate whether or not each of the following substances exhibits basic behavior in aqueous , example  1

Chapter 6, Problem 6.123EP, Indicate whether or not each of the following substances exhibits basic behavior in aqueous , example  2

(a)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

In aqueous solution, propanamide exhibit basic behavior or not has to be indicated.

Concept Introduction:

Amines are a class of organic compounds.  They are derivatives of ammonia.  Similar to the nitrogen atom in ammonia, the amine nitrogen also has a lone pair of electrons on it.  This means that amines can act as proton acceptors.  When an amine is added to water a proton is transferred to the nitrogen atom.  The resulting solution is a basic solution.  This contains ammonium ions and hydroxide ions.

Amides have a carbonyl group bonded to the nitrogen atom.  The carbonyl carbon atom pulls the lone pair of electrons present on the nitrogen strongly.  Hence, the nitrogen atom cannot act as a proton acceptor.  Amides are not basic in nature.

Explanation

Given compound name is propanamide.  From the given name itself it is identified that it is an amide.  Amides do not possess basic property...

(b)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

In aqueous solution, 1-propanamine exhibit basic behavior or not has to be indicated.

Concept Introduction:

Amines are a class of organic compounds.  They are derivatives of ammonia.  Similar to the nitrogen atom in ammonia, the amine nitrogen also has a lone pair of electrons on it.  This means that amines can act as proton acceptors.  When an amine is added to water a proton is transferred to the nitrogen atom.  The resulting solution is a basic solution.  This contains ammonium ions and hydroxide ions.

Amides have a carbonyl group bonded to the nitrogen atom.  The carbonyl carbon atom pulls the lone pair of electrons present on the nitrogen strongly.  Hence, the nitrogen atom cannot act as a proton acceptor.  Amides are not basic in nature.

(c)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

In aqueous solution, the given compound exhibit basic behavior or not has to be indicated.

Concept Introduction:

Amines are a class of organic compounds.  They are derivatives of ammonia.  Similar to the nitrogen atom in ammonia, the amine nitrogen also has a lone pair of electrons on it.  This means that amines can act as proton acceptors.  When an amine is added to water a proton is transferred to the nitrogen atom.  The resulting solution is a basic solution.  This contains ammonium ions and hydroxide ions.

Amides have a carbonyl group bonded to the nitrogen atom.  The carbonyl carbon atom pulls the lone pair of electrons present on the nitrogen strongly.  Hence, the nitrogen atom cannot act as a proton acceptor.  Amides are not basic in nature.

(d)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

In aqueous solution, the given compound exhibit basic behavior or not has to be indicated.

Concept Introduction:

Amines are a class of organic compounds.  They are derivatives of ammonia.  Similar to the nitrogen atom in ammonia, the amine nitrogen also has a lone pair of electrons on it.  This means that amines can act as proton acceptors.  When an amine is added to water a proton is transferred to the nitrogen atom.  The resulting solution is a basic solution.  This contains ammonium ions and hydroxide ions.

Amides have a carbonyl group bonded to the nitrogen atom.  The carbonyl carbon atom pulls the lone pair of electrons present on the nitrogen strongly.  Hence, the nitrogen atom cannot act as a proton acceptor.  Amides are not basic in nature.

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