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Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079

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Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079
Textbook Problem

Draw the structures of the missing substances in each of the following reactions involving amides.

Chapter 6, Problem 6.137EP, Draw the structures of the missing substances in each of the following reactions involving amides. , example  1

Chapter 6, Problem 6.137EP, Draw the structures of the missing substances in each of the following reactions involving amides. , example  2

Chapter 6, Problem 6.137EP, Draw the structures of the missing substances in each of the following reactions involving amides. , example  3

Chapter 6, Problem 6.137EP, Draw the structures of the missing substances in each of the following reactions involving amides. , example  4

(a)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Structure of missing substance in the given reaction that involves amides has to be drawn.

Concept Introduction:

Amides are synthesized using amidification reaction.  This involves a reaction between amine and carboxylic acid.  In this reaction, the Organic And Biological Chemistry, Chapter 6, Problem 6.137EP , additional homework tip  1 group present in carboxylic acid and Organic And Biological Chemistry, Chapter 6, Problem 6.137EP , additional homework tip  2 from ammonia or amine is lost to give amide as the product.  Water is obtained as a by-product in this reaction.  The general reaction scheme for synthesis of amides can be given as,

Organic And Biological Chemistry, Chapter 6, Problem 6.137EP , additional homework tip  3

Explanation

Given reaction is,

As the nitrogen atom present in the above amide has one hydrogen atom bonded to it and the amide is a secondary amide.  Secondary amide is produced by the reaction of primary amine with carboxylic acid.  The structure of carboxylic acid is given and the structure of primary amine has to be found out.

Hydrogen atom has to be added to the amine part and

(b)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Structure of missing substance in the given reaction that involves amides has to be drawn.

Concept Introduction:

Amides are synthesized using amidification reaction.  This involves a reaction between amine and carboxylic acid.  In this reaction, the Organic And Biological Chemistry, Chapter 6, Problem 6.137EP , additional homework tip  4 group present in carboxylic acid and Organic And Biological Chemistry, Chapter 6, Problem 6.137EP , additional homework tip  5 from ammonia or amine is lost to give amide as the product.  Water is obtained as a by-product in this reaction.  The general reaction scheme for synthesis of amides can be given as,

Organic And Biological Chemistry, Chapter 6, Problem 6.137EP , additional homework tip  6

(c)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Structure of missing substance in the given reaction that involves amides has to be drawn.

Concept Introduction:

Amides are synthesized using amidification reaction.  This involves a reaction between amine and carboxylic acid.  In this reaction, the Organic And Biological Chemistry, Chapter 6, Problem 6.137EP , additional homework tip  7 group present in carboxylic acid and Organic And Biological Chemistry, Chapter 6, Problem 6.137EP , additional homework tip  8 from ammonia or amine is lost to give amide as the product.  Water is obtained as a by-product in this reaction.  The general reaction scheme for synthesis of amides can be given as,

Organic And Biological Chemistry, Chapter 6, Problem 6.137EP , additional homework tip  9

(d)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Structure of missing substance in the given reaction that involves amides has to be drawn.

Concept Introduction:

Amides are synthesized using amidification reaction.  This involves a reaction between amine and carboxylic acid.  In this reaction, the Organic And Biological Chemistry, Chapter 6, Problem 6.137EP , additional homework tip  10 group present in carboxylic acid and Organic And Biological Chemistry, Chapter 6, Problem 6.137EP , additional homework tip  11 from ammonia or amine is lost to give amide as the product.  Water is obtained as a by-product in this reaction.  The general reaction scheme for synthesis of amides can be given as,

Organic And Biological Chemistry, Chapter 6, Problem 6.137EP , additional homework tip  12

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