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Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079

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Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079
Textbook Problem

Draw the structures of the organic products in each of the following hydrolysis reactions.

Chapter 6, Problem 6.147EP, Draw the structures of the organic products in each of the following hydrolysis reactions. , example  1

Chapter 6, Problem 6.147EP, Draw the structures of the organic products in each of the following hydrolysis reactions. , example  2

Chapter 6, Problem 6.147EP, Draw the structures of the organic products in each of the following hydrolysis reactions. , example  3

Chapter 6, Problem 6.147EP, Draw the structures of the organic products in each of the following hydrolysis reactions. , example  4

(a)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Structure of organic product that is obtained in the given hydrolysis reaction of given amide has to be drawn.

Concept Introduction:

Amides are derivatives of carboxylic acid.  Amides are not much reactive as of carboxylic acids.  They are also stable relatively in aqueous solution.  But under strenuous conditions amides undergo hydrolysis.  The conditions are presence of acid, base or enzymes.

General scheme of hydrolysis of an amide can be given as,

Organic And Biological Chemistry, Chapter 6, Problem 6.147EP , additional homework tip  1

Acidic hydrolysis of amides gives the product as carboxylic acid and amine salt.  Amine salt is obtained because in acidic conditions the amine is converted into amine salt.

Organic And Biological Chemistry, Chapter 6, Problem 6.147EP , additional homework tip  2

Basic hydrolysis of amides gives the product as carboxylic acid salt and amine.  Carboxylic acid salt is obtained because in basic conditions the carboxylic acid is converted into carboxylic acid salt.

Organic And Biological Chemistry, Chapter 6, Problem 6.147EP , additional homework tip  3

Explanation

Given hydrolysis reaction is,

On hydrolysis of amide with water in presence of heat, the bond between the carbonyl carbon atom and the nitrogen atom is broken.  The OH from water adds to the car

(b)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The structure of organic products that are obtained when the given amide undergoes acidic hydrolysis has to be drawn.

Concept Introduction:

Amides are derivatives of carboxylic acid.  Amides are not much reactive as of carboxylic acids.  They are also stable relatively in aqueous solution.  But under strenuous conditions amides undergo hydrolysis.  The conditions are presence of acid, base or enzymes.

Acidic hydrolysis of amides gives the product as carboxylic acid and amine salt.  Amine salt is obtained because in acidic conditions the amine is converted into amine salt.

Organic And Biological Chemistry, Chapter 6, Problem 6.147EP , additional homework tip  4

Basic hydrolysis of amides gives the product as carboxylic acid salt and amine.  Carboxylic acid salt is obtained because in basic conditions the carboxylic acid is converted into carboxylic acid salt.

Organic And Biological Chemistry, Chapter 6, Problem 6.147EP , additional homework tip  5

(c)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The structure of organic products that are obtained when the given amide undergoes basic hydrolysis has to be drawn.

Concept Introduction:

Amides are derivatives of carboxylic acid.  Amides are not much reactive as of carboxylic acids.  They are also stable relatively in aqueous solution.  But under strenuous conditions amides undergo hydrolysis.  The conditions are presence of acid, base or enzymes.

Acidic hydrolysis of amides gives the product as carboxylic acid and amine salt.  Amine salt is obtained because in acidic conditions the amine is converted into amine salt.

Organic And Biological Chemistry, Chapter 6, Problem 6.147EP , additional homework tip  6

Basic hydrolysis of amides gives the product as carboxylic acid salt and amine.  Carboxylic acid salt is obtained because in basic conditions the carboxylic acid is converted into carboxylic acid salt.

Organic And Biological Chemistry, Chapter 6, Problem 6.147EP , additional homework tip  7

(d)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Structure of organic product that is obtained in the given hydrolysis reaction of given amide has to be drawn.

Concept Introduction:

Amides are derivatives of carboxylic acid.  Amides are not much reactive as of carboxylic acids.  They are also stable relatively in aqueous solution.  But under strenuous conditions amides undergo hydrolysis.  The conditions are presence of acid, base or enzymes.

General scheme of hydrolysis of an amide can be given as,

Organic And Biological Chemistry, Chapter 6, Problem 6.147EP , additional homework tip  8

Acidic hydrolysis of amides gives the product as carboxylic acid and amine salt.  Amine salt is obtained because in acidic conditions the amine is converted into amine salt.

Organic And Biological Chemistry, Chapter 6, Problem 6.147EP , additional homework tip  9

Basic hydrolysis of amides gives the product as carboxylic acid salt and amine.  Carboxylic acid salt is obtained because in basic conditions the carboxylic acid is converted into carboxylic acid salt.

Organic And Biological Chemistry, Chapter 6, Problem 6.147EP , additional homework tip  10

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