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Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079

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Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079
Textbook Problem

Classify each of the following amines as a primary, secondary, or tertiary amine.

Chapter 6, Problem 6.14EP, Classify each of the following amines as a primary, secondary, or tertiary amine. , example  1

Chapter 6, Problem 6.14EP, Classify each of the following amines as a primary, secondary, or tertiary amine. , example  2

Chapter 6, Problem 6.14EP, Classify each of the following amines as a primary, secondary, or tertiary amine. , example  3

Chapter 6, Problem 6.14EP, Classify each of the following amines as a primary, secondary, or tertiary amine. , example  4

(a)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The given amine has to be classified as primary, secondary, or tertiary amine.

Concept Introduction:

Amine is an organic derivative.  If in ammonia one or more alkyl, cycloalkyl, or aryl groups are substituted instead of hydrogen atom then it is known as amine.  Depending on the number of substitution the amines are classified as primary, secondary or tertiary amine.  Primary amine is the one in which only one hydrogen atom in ammonia is replaced by a hydrocarbon group.  Secondary amine is the one in which only two hydrogen atoms in ammonia is replaced by a hydrocarbon group.  Tertiary amine is the one in which all three hydrogen atoms in ammonia is replaced by a hydrocarbon group.  The generalized structural formula for all the amines is,

Organic And Biological Chemistry, Chapter 6, Problem 6.14EP , additional homework tip  1

Amides are also organic derivative.  In an amide, the nitrogen atom is bonded to a carbonyl group.  The general structural formula of amide can be given as shown below,

Organic And Biological Chemistry, Chapter 6, Problem 6.14EP , additional homework tip  2

The difference between amine and amide is that in amine, the nitrogen atom is bonded to a hydrocarbon chain.  In case of amides, the nitrogen atom is bonded to a carbonyl group.

Explanation

Given amine structure is,

(b)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The given amine has to be classified as primary, secondary, or tertiary amine.

Concept Introduction:

Amine is an organic derivative.  If in ammonia one or more alkyl, cycloalkyl, or aryl groups are substituted instead of hydrogen atom then it is known as amine.  Depending on the number of substitution the amines are classified as primary, secondary or tertiary amine.  Primary amine is the one in which only one hydrogen atom in ammonia is replaced by a hydrocarbon group.  Secondary amine is the one in which only two hydrogen atoms in ammonia is replaced by a hydrocarbon group.  Tertiary amine is the one in which all three hydrogen atoms in ammonia is replaced by a hydrocarbon group.  The generalized structural formula for all the amines is,

Organic And Biological Chemistry, Chapter 6, Problem 6.14EP , additional homework tip  3

Amides are also organic derivative.  In an amide, the nitrogen atom is bonded to a carbonyl group.  The general structural formula of amide can be given as shown below,

Organic And Biological Chemistry, Chapter 6, Problem 6.14EP , additional homework tip  4

The difference between amine and amide is that in amine, the nitrogen atom is bonded to a hydrocarbon chain.  In case of amides, the nitrogen atom is bonded to a carbonyl group.

(c)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The given amine has to be classified as primary, secondary, or tertiary amine.

Concept Introduction:

Amine is an organic derivative.  If in ammonia one or more alkyl, cycloalkyl, or aryl groups are substituted instead of hydrogen atom then it is known as amine.  Depending on the number of substitution the amines are classified as primary, secondary or tertiary amine.  Primary amine is the one in which only one hydrogen atom in ammonia is replaced by a hydrocarbon group.  Secondary amine is the one in which only two hydrogen atoms in ammonia is replaced by a hydrocarbon group.  Tertiary amine is the one in which all three hydrogen atoms in ammonia is replaced by a hydrocarbon group.  The generalized structural formula for all the amines is,

Organic And Biological Chemistry, Chapter 6, Problem 6.14EP , additional homework tip  5

Amides are also organic derivative.  In an amide, the nitrogen atom is bonded to a carbonyl group.  The general structural formula of amide can be given as shown below,

Organic And Biological Chemistry, Chapter 6, Problem 6.14EP , additional homework tip  6

The difference between amine and amide is that in amine, the nitrogen atom is bonded to a hydrocarbon chain.  In case of amides, the nitrogen atom is bonded to a carbonyl group.

(d)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The given amine has to be classified as primary, secondary, or tertiary amine.

Concept Introduction:

Amine is an organic derivative.  If in ammonia one or more alkyl, cycloalkyl, or aryl groups are substituted instead of hydrogen atom then it is known as amine.  Depending on the number of substitution the amines are classified as primary, secondary or tertiary amine.  Primary amine is the one in which only one hydrogen atom in ammonia is replaced by a hydrocarbon group.  Secondary amine is the one in which only two hydrogen atoms in ammonia is replaced by a hydrocarbon group.  Tertiary amine is the one in which all three hydrogen atoms in ammonia is replaced by a hydrocarbon group.  The generalized structural formula for all the amines is,

Organic And Biological Chemistry, Chapter 6, Problem 6.14EP , additional homework tip  7

Amides are also organic derivative.  In an amide, the nitrogen atom is bonded to a carbonyl group.  The general structural formula of amide can be given as shown below,

Organic And Biological Chemistry, Chapter 6, Problem 6.14EP , additional homework tip  8

The difference between amine and amide is that in amine, the nitrogen atom is bonded to a hydrocarbon chain.  In case of amides, the nitrogen atom is bonded to a carbonyl group.

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