BuyFindarrow_forward

General Chemistry - Standalone boo...

11th Edition
Steven D. Gammon + 7 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781305580343

Solutions

Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

General Chemistry - Standalone boo...

11th Edition
Steven D. Gammon + 7 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781305580343
Chapter 6, Problem 6.155QP
Textbook Problem
12 views

How much heat is released when a mixture containing 10.0 g NH3 and 20.0 g O2 reacts by the following equation?

4 NH 3 ( g ) + 5 O 2 ( g ) 4 NO ( g ) + 6 H 2 O ( g ) ; Δ H ° = 906 kJ

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Amount of heat released when mixture having 10g  Ammonia and 20g Oxygen reacted has to be determined.

Explanation of Solution

Given

For given reaction ΔH° = -906 kJ

Amount of ammonia in a mixture = 10g

Amount of Oxygen in a mixture = 20g

Given reaction is,4NH3(g) + 5O2(g)4NO(g) + 6H2O(g);ΔH° = -906 kJ

First we have to calculate the limiting reactant by calculating the moles of ammonia and Oxygen. After assuming that one of the reactant is entirely consumed, determine the moles of the other reactant required for the reaction.

  10.0 g NH3×1mol NH317.03g NH3= 0.5872 mol NH3    20

Still sussing out bartleby?

Check out a sample textbook solution.

See a sample solution

The Solution to Your Study Problems

Bartleby provides explanations to thousands of textbook problems written by our experts, many with advanced degrees!

Get Started

Chapter 6 Solutions

General Chemistry - Standalone book (MindTap Course List)
Show all chapter solutions
add
Ch. 6.6 - Iron metal has a specific heat of 0.449 J/(g+ C)....Ch. 6.6 - Suppose 33 mL of 1.20 M HCl is added to 42 mL of a...Ch. 6.7 - Manganese metal can be obtained by reaction of...Ch. 6.7 - The heat of fusion (also called heat of melting),...Ch. 6.8 - Calculate the heat of vaporization, Hvap, of...Ch. 6.8 - Calculate the enthalpy change for the following...Ch. 6.8 - Calculate the standard enthalpy change for the...Ch. 6 - Define energy, kinetic energy, potential energy,...Ch. 6 - Define the joule in terms of SI base units.Ch. 6 - What is the original definition of the caloric?...Ch. 6 - Describe the interconversions of potential and...Ch. 6 - Suppose heat flows into a vessel containing a gas....Ch. 6 - Define an exothermic reaction and an endothermic...Ch. 6 - The internal energy of a substance is a state...Ch. 6 - Under what condition is the enthalpy change equal...Ch. 6 - How does the enthalpy change for an endothermic...Ch. 6 - Why is it important to give the states of the...Ch. 6 - If an equation for a reaction is doubled and then...Ch. 6 - Consider the reaction of methane, CH4, with...Ch. 6 - Define the heat capacity of a substance. Define...Ch. 6 - Describe a simple calorimeter. What measurements...Ch. 6 - What property of enthalpy provides the basis of...Ch. 6 - You discover that you cannot carry out a...Ch. 6 - What is meant by the thermodynamic standard state?Ch. 6 - What is meant by the reference form of an element?...Ch. 6 - What is meant by the standard enthalpy of...Ch. 6 - Write the chemical equation for the formation...Ch. 6 - Is the following reaction the appropriate one to...Ch. 6 - What is a fuel? What are the fossil fuels?Ch. 6 - Give chemical equations for the conversion of...Ch. 6 - List some rocket fuels and corresponding...Ch. 6 - The equation for the combustion of 2 mol of butane...Ch. 6 - A 5.0-g sample of water starting at 60.0C loses...Ch. 6 - Hypothetical elements A2 and B2 react according to...Ch. 6 - Consider the following specific heats of metals....Ch. 6 - Thermal Interactions Part 1: In an insulated...Ch. 6 - Enthalpy a A 100.-g sample of water is placed in...Ch. 6 - Chemical reactions are run in each of the beakers...Ch. 6 - Shown below is a diagram depicting the enthalpy...Ch. 6 - A small car is traveling at twice the speed of a...Ch. 6 - The equation for the combustion of butane, C4H10,...Ch. 6 - A 250-g sample of water at 20.0C is placed in a...Ch. 6 - A 20.0-g block of iron at 50.0C and a 20.0 g block...Ch. 6 - What is the enthalpy change for the preparation of...Ch. 6 - A block of aluminum and a block of iron, both...Ch. 6 - You have two samples of different metals, metal A...Ch. 6 - Consider the reactions of silver metal, Ag(s),...Ch. 6 - Tetraphosphorus trisulfide, P4S3, burns in excess...Ch. 6 - A soluble salt, MX2, is added to water in a...Ch. 6 - Methane, CH4, is a major component of marsh gas....Ch. 6 - Hydrogen sulfide, H2S, is produced during...Ch. 6 - A car whose mass is 5.30 103 lb is traveling at a...Ch. 6 - A bullet weighing 235 grains is moving at a speed...Ch. 6 - Chlorine dioxide, ClO2, is a reddish yellow gas...Ch. 6 - Nitrous oxide, N2O, has been used as a dental...Ch. 6 - A gas is cooled and loses 82 J of heat. The gas...Ch. 6 - An ideal gas expands isothermally (at constant...Ch. 6 - The process of dissolving ammonium nitrate,...Ch. 6 - The decomposition of ozone, O3, to oxygen, O2, is...Ch. 6 - Nitric acid, a source of many nitrogen compounds,...Ch. 6 - Hydrogen cyanide is used in the manufacture of...Ch. 6 - What is U when 1.00 mol of liquid water vaporizes...Ch. 6 - What is U for the following reaction at 25C?...Ch. 6 - When 1 mol of iron metal reacts with hydrochloric...Ch. 6 - When 2 mol of potassium chlorate crystals...Ch. 6 - When white phosphorus burns in air, it produces...Ch. 6 - Carbon disulfide burns in air, producing carbon...Ch. 6 - Phosphoric acid, H3PO4, can be prepared by the...Ch. 6 - With a platinum catalyst, ammonia will burn in...Ch. 6 - Colorless nitric oxide, NO, combines with oxygen...Ch. 6 - Hydrogen, H2, is used as a rocket fuel. The...Ch. 6 - Ammonia burns in the presence of a copper catalyst...Ch. 6 - Hydrogen sulfide, H2S, is a foul-smelling gas. It...Ch. 6 - Propane, C3H8, is a common fuel gas. Use the...Ch. 6 - Ethanol, C2H5OH, is mixed with gasoline and sold...Ch. 6 - You wish to heat water to make coffee. How much...Ch. 6 - An iron skillet weighing 1.63 kg is heated on a...Ch. 6 - When steam condenses to liquid water, 2.26 kJ of...Ch. 6 - When ice at 0C melts to liquid water at 0C, it...Ch. 6 - When 15.3 g of sodium nitrate, NaNO3, was...Ch. 6 - When 23.6 g of calcium chloride, CaCl2, was...Ch. 6 - A sample of ethanol, C2H5OH, weighing 2.84 g was...Ch. 6 - A sample of benzene, C6H6, weighing 3.51 g was...Ch. 6 - Hydrazine, N2H4, is a colorless liquid used as a...Ch. 6 - Hydrogen peroxide, H2O2, is a colorless liquid...Ch. 6 - Ammonia will burn in the presence of a platinum...Ch. 6 - Hydrogen cyanide is a highly poisonous, volatile...Ch. 6 - Compounds with carboncarbon double bonds, such as...Ch. 6 - Acetic acid, CH3COOH, is contained in vinegar....Ch. 6 - The cooling effect of alcohol on the skin is due...Ch. 6 - Carbon tetrachloride, CCl4, is a liquid used as an...Ch. 6 - Hydrogen sulfide gas is a poisonous gas with the...Ch. 6 - Carbon disulfide is a colorless liquid. When pure,...Ch. 6 - Iron is obtained from iron ore by reduction with...Ch. 6 - The first step in the preparation of lead from its...Ch. 6 - Hydrogen chloride gas dissolves in water to form...Ch. 6 - Carbon dioxide from the atmosphere weathers, or...Ch. 6 - The Group 2A carbonates decompose when heated. For...Ch. 6 - The Group 2A carbonates decompose when heated. For...Ch. 6 - The energy, E, needed to move an object a distance...Ch. 6 - The potential energy of an object in the...Ch. 6 - Liquid hydrogen peroxide has been used as a...Ch. 6 - Hydrogen is an ideal fuel in many respects; for...Ch. 6 - Niagara Falls has a height of 167 ft (American...Ch. 6 - Any object, be it a space satellite or a molecule,...Ch. 6 - When calcium carbonate, CaCO3 (the major...Ch. 6 - Calcium oxide (quicklime) reacts with water to...Ch. 6 - Formic acid, HCHO2, was first discovered in ants...Ch. 6 - Acetic acid, HC2H3O2, is the sour constituent of...Ch. 6 - Suppose you mix 19.8 g of water at 80.0C with 54.7...Ch. 6 - Suppose you mix 23.6 g of water at 66.2C with 45.4...Ch. 6 - A piece of lead of mass 121.6 g was heated by an...Ch. 6 - The specific heat of copper metal was determined...Ch. 6 - A 44.3 g sample of water at 100.00C was placed in...Ch. 6 - A 19.6-g sample of a metal was heated to 61.67C....Ch. 6 - A 21.3-mL sample of 0.977 M NaOH is mixed with...Ch. 6 - A 29.1-mL sample of 1.05 M KOH is mixed with 20.9...Ch. 6 - In a calorimetric experiment, 6.48 g of lithium...Ch. 6 - When 21.45 g of potassium nitrate, KNO3, was...Ch. 6 - A 10.00-g sample of acetic acid, HC2H3O2, was...Ch. 6 - The sugar arabinose, C5H10O5, is burned completely...Ch. 6 - Hydrogen sulfide, H2S, is a poisonous gas with the...Ch. 6 - Ethylene glycol, HOCH2CH2OH, is used as...Ch. 6 - Hydrogen, H2, is prepared by steam reforming, in...Ch. 6 - Hydrogen is prepared from natural gas (mainly...Ch. 6 - Calcium oxide, CaO, is prepared by heating calcium...Ch. 6 - Sodium carbonate, Na2CO3, is used to manufacture...Ch. 6 - Calculate the heat released when 2,395 L O2 with a...Ch. 6 - Calculate the heat released when 5.000 L Cl2 with...Ch. 6 - Sucrose, C12H22O11, is common table sugar. The...Ch. 6 - Acetone, CH3COCH3, is a liquid solvent. The...Ch. 6 - Ammonium nitrate is an oxidizing agent and can...Ch. 6 - The thermite reaction is a very exothermic...Ch. 6 - Describe the physical characteristics of while...Ch. 6 - What is the phosphorus compound used in strike...Ch. 6 - How fast (in meters per second) must a spherical...Ch. 6 - The maximum mass allowed for a bowling ball in...Ch. 6 - An experimenter puts 3.00 mol H2 gas and 1.00 mol...Ch. 6 - A researcher places an aqueous solution containing...Ch. 6 - Dry ice is solid carbon dioxide; it vaporizes at...Ch. 6 - Potassium superoxide, KO2, is used in some...Ch. 6 - Sulfur forms a number of allotropes; two important...Ch. 6 - Sulfur dioxide gas reacts with oxygen, O2(g), to...Ch. 6 - When solid iron burns in oxygen gas (at constant...Ch. 6 - Calculate the grams of oxygen gas required to...Ch. 6 - Hydrogen is burned in oxygen to release heat (see...Ch. 6 - Sodium metal reacts with water to produce hydrogen...Ch. 6 - A mixture of hydrogen gas and oxygen gas at 25.0C...Ch. 6 - Water gas is a mixture of equal molar amounts of...Ch. 6 - You heat 1.000 quart of water from 25.0C to its...Ch. 6 - A piece of iron was heated to 95.4C and dropped...Ch. 6 - The enthalpy of combustion, H, for benzoic acid,...Ch. 6 - Given the following (hypothetical) thermochemical...Ch. 6 - The head of a strike anywhere match contains...Ch. 6 - Toluene C6H5CH3, has an enthalpy of combustion of...Ch. 6 - What will be the final temperature of a mixture...Ch. 6 - What will be the final temperature of a mixture...Ch. 6 - Graphite is burned in oxygen to give carbon...Ch. 6 - A sample of natural gas is 80.0% CH4 and 20.0%...Ch. 6 - A sample containing 2.00 mol of graphite reacts...Ch. 6 - A 10.0-g sample of a mixture of CH4 and C2H4...Ch. 6 - How much heat is released when a mixture...Ch. 6 - How much heat is released when a mixture...Ch. 6 - Consider the Haber process:...Ch. 6 - An industrial process for manufacturing sulfuric...Ch. 6 - The carbon dioxide exhaled in the breath of...Ch. 6 - A rebreathing gas mask contains potassium...Ch. 6 - Power plants are driven by the energy supplied by...

Additional Science Textbook Solutions

Find more solutions based on key concepts
Show solutions add
What elements drive a nuclear fusion reaction?

Fundamentals of Physical Geography

Chylomicrons, a class of lipoprotein, are produced in the live. T F

Nutrition: Concepts and Controversies - Standalone book (MindTap Course List)

While driving behind a car traveling at 3.00 m/s, you notice that one of the cars tires has a small hemispheric...

Physics for Scientists and Engineers, Technology Update (No access codes included)

Is the greenhouse effect always a bad thing?

Oceanography: An Invitation To Marine Science, Loose-leaf Versin