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Introduction to General, Organic a...

11th Edition
Frederick A. Bettelheim + 4 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781285869759
BuyFind

Introduction to General, Organic a...

11th Edition
Frederick A. Bettelheim + 4 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781285869759

Solutions

Chapter 6, Problem 6.15P
Textbook Problem

6-15 Answer true or false.

(a) A solute is the substance dissolved in a solvent to form a solution.

(b) A solvent is the medium in which a solute is dissolved to form a solution.

(c) Some solutions can be separated into their components by filtration.

(d) Acid rain is a solution.

Expert Solution
Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: Whether the given statements are true or false should be determined.

Concept introduction:

  • Solute: The component which is present in less amount in solution.
  • Solvent: The component which is present in greater amount in solution.
  • Solution: Solution is the homogeneous mixture of solute and solvent.
  • Filtration: It is the process through which two mixtures having small particles which can be seen through naked eyes can be separated.

Answer to Problem 6.15P

All statements are true.

Explanation of Solution

Reason for true statements:

  1. The given statement is “solute is a substance that dissolve in solvent to form a solution”. According to the definition of solution, it is the homogeneous mixture of solute and solvent. So, solute can be mixed with solvent to form a solution.
  2. The given statement is “a solvent is the medium in which a solute is dissolved to form a solution”. According to the definition of solution, it is the homogeneous mixture of solute and solvent. So, solvent is the medium in which a solute is dissolved to form a solution.
  3. The given statement is “some solutions can be separated into their components by filtration”. According to the definition of filtration, the solution having particles which can be seen through naked eyes can be separated like chalk powder solution.
  4. The given statement is “acid rain is a solution”. According to the definition of solution, it is the homogeneous mixture of solute and solvent. Acid rain is the mixture of different solute and solvent in the form of acid and water.
Conclusion

Therefore, all the statements are true.

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Chapter 6 Solutions

Introduction to General, Organic and Biochemistry
Ch. 6.8 - Problem 6-11 Which aqueous solution would have the...Ch. 6.8 - Problem 6-12 Calculate the boiling point of a...Ch. 6.8 - Problem 6-13 What is the osmolarity of a 3.3% w/v...Ch. 6.8 - Problem 6-14 Which solution is isotonic compared...Ch. 6 - 6-15 Answer true or false. (a) A solute is the...Ch. 6 - 6-16 Answer true or false. (a) Solubility is a...Ch. 6 - 6-17 Vinegar is a homogeneous aqueous solution...Ch. 6 - 6-18 Suppose you prepare a solution by dissolving...Ch. 6 - 6-19 In each of the following, tell whether the...Ch. 6 - 6-20 Give a familiar example of solutions of each...Ch. 6 - 6-21 Are mixtures of gases true solutions or...Ch. 6 - 6-22 Answer true or false. (a) Water is a good...Ch. 6 - 6-23 We dissolved 0.32 g of aspartic acid in 115.0...Ch. 6 - 6-24 The solubility of a compound is 2.5 gin 100....Ch. 6 - 6-25 A small amount of solid is added to a...Ch. 6 - 6-26 On the basis of polarity and hydrogen...Ch. 6 - 6-27 Suppose that you discover a stain on an oil...Ch. 6 - 6-28 Which pairs of liquids are likely to be...Ch. 6 - 6-29 The solubility of aspartic acid in water is...Ch. 6 - 6-30 Near a power plant, warm water is discharged...Ch. 6 - 6-31 If a bottle of beer is allowed to stand for...Ch. 6 - 6-32 Would you expect the solubility of ammonia...Ch. 6 - 6-33 Verify the following statements. (a) One part...Ch. 6 - 6-34 Describe how we would make the following...Ch. 6 - 6-35 Describe how we would prepare the following...Ch. 6 - 6-36 Describe how we would prepare the following...Ch. 6 - 6-37 Calculate the w/v percentage of each of these...Ch. 6 - 6-38 Describe how we would prepare 250 mL of 0.10...Ch. 6 - 6-39 Assuming that the appropriate volumetric...Ch. 6 - 6-40 What is the molarity of each solution? (a) 47...Ch. 6 - 6-41 A teardrop with a volume of 0.5 mL contains...Ch. 6 - 6-42 The concentration of stomach acid, HCI, is...Ch. 6 - 6-43 The label on a sparkling cider says it...Ch. 6 - 6-44 If 3.18 g BaCI2 is dissolved in enough...Ch. 6 - 6-45 The label on ajar of jam says it contains 13...Ch. 6 - 6-46 A particular toothpaste contains 0.17 g NaF...Ch. 6 - 6-47 A student has a bottle labeled 0.750% albumin...Ch. 6 - 6-48 How many grams of solute are present in each...Ch. 6 - 6-49 A student has a stock solution of 30.0% w/v...Ch. 6 - 6-50 To make 5.0 L of a fruit punch that contains...Ch. 6 - 6-51 A pill weighing 325 mg contains the...Ch. 6 - 6-52 One slice of enriched bread weighing 80. g...Ch. 6 - 6-53 Dioxin is considered to be poisonous in...Ch. 6 - 6-54 An industrial wastewater contains 3.60 ppb...Ch. 6 - 6-55 According to the label on a piece of cheese,...Ch. 6 - 6-56 Answer true or false. (a) The properties that...Ch. 6 - 6-57 Considering polarities, electronegativities,...Ch. 6 - 6-58 Which of the following would produce the...Ch. 6 - 6-59 Ethanol is very soluble in water. Describe...Ch. 6 - 6-60 Predict which of these covalent compounds is...Ch. 6 - 6-61 Answer true or false. (a) A colloid is a...Ch. 6 - 6-62 A type of car tire is made of synthetic...Ch. 6 - 6-63 On the basis of Tables 6-1 and 6-2, classify...Ch. 6 - 6-64 Table 6-2 shows no examples of a gas-in-gas...Ch. 6 - 6-65 A solution of protein is transparent at room...Ch. 6 - 6-66 What gives nanotubes their unique optical and...Ch. 6 - 6-67 Calculate the freezing points of solutions...Ch. 6 - 6-68 If we add 175 g of ethylene glycol, C2H6O2,...Ch. 6 - 6-69 Methanol, CH3OH, is used as an antifreeze....Ch. 6 - 6-70 In winter, after a snowstorm, salt (NaCI) is...Ch. 6 - 6-71 A 4 M acetic acid (CH3COOH) solution lowers...Ch. 6 - 6-72 In an apparatus using a semipermeable...Ch. 6 - 6-73 In each case, tell which side (if either)...Ch. 6 - 6-74 An osmotic semipermeable membrane that allows...Ch. 6 - 6-75 Calculate the osmolarity of each of the...Ch. 6 - 6-76 Two compartments are separated by a...Ch. 6 - 6-77 A 0.9% NaCI solution is isotonic with blood...Ch. 6 - 6-78 (Chemical Connections 6A) Oxides of nitrogen...Ch. 6 - 6-79 (Chemical Connections 6A) What makes normal...Ch. 6 - 6-80 (Chemical Connections 6B) Why do deep-sea...Ch. 6 - 6-81 (Chemical Connections 6B) What is nitrogen...Ch. 6 - 6-82 (Chemical Connections 6C) A solution contains...Ch. 6 - 6-83 (Chemical Connections 6C) The concentration...Ch. 6 - 6-84 (Chemical Connections 6D) What is the...Ch. 6 - 6-85 (Chemical Connections 6D) Write balanced...Ch. 6 - 6-86 (Chemical Connections 6E) What is the...Ch. 6 - 6-87 (Chemical Connections 6F) What is the minimum...Ch. 6 - 6-88 (Chemical Connections 6F) The osmotic...Ch. 6 - 6-89 (Chemical Connections 6G) A manufacturing...Ch. 6 - 6-90 (Chemical Connections 6G) The artificial...Ch. 6 - 6-91 When a cucumber is put into a saline solution...Ch. 6 - 6-92 A solution of As2O3 has a molarity of M. What...Ch. 6 - 6-93 Two bottles of water are carbonated, with CO2...Ch. 6 - 6-94 How many grams of ethylene glycol must be...Ch. 6 - 6-95 Both methanol, CH3OH, and ethylene glycol,...Ch. 6 - 6-96 We know that a 0.89% saline (NaCI) solution...Ch. 6 - 6-97 Carbon dioxide and sulfur dioxide are soluble...Ch. 6 - 6-98 A reagent label shows that the reagent...Ch. 6 - 6-99 A concentrated nitric acid solution contains...Ch. 6 - 6-100 Which will have greater osmotic pressure?...Ch. 6 - 6-101 Government regulations permit a 6 ppb...Ch. 6 - 6-102 The average osmolarity of seawater is 1.18...Ch. 6 - 6-103 A swimming pool containing 20,000. L of...Ch. 6 - 6-104 The density of a solution that is 20.0%...Ch. 6 - 6-105 A 10.0% H2SO4 solution has a density of 1.07...Ch. 6 - 6-106 Synovial fluid that exists in joints is a...Ch. 6 - 6-107 A solution is made by dissolving 25.0 g of...Ch. 6 - 6-108 Explain why saltwater fish do not survive...Ch. 6 - 6-109 Consider the reaction of 1.46 g Ca(s) with...Ch. 6 - 6-110 Vitamin B2, riboflavin, is a nondissociating...Ch. 6 - 6-111 As noted in Section 6-8C, the amount of...Ch. 6 - 6-112 List the following aqueous solutions in...Ch. 6 - 6-113 List the following aqueous solutions in...

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