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Chemistry In Focus

7th Edition
Tro + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning,
ISBN: 9781337399692

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry In Focus

7th Edition
Tro + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning,
ISBN: 9781337399692
Chapter 6, Problem 6.1YT
Textbook Problem
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Drawing Structural and Condensed Structural Formulas

Give the molecular formula, and draw the structural formula and condensed structural formula for the alkane with 10 carbon atoms.

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The molecular formula, structural formula and condensed structural formula are to be represented for the alkane with 10 carbon atoms.

Concept Introduction:

The organic compounds which consist of only carbon and hydrogen atoms are called hydrocarbons. The atoms in hydrocarbons are linked by single, double, or triple bonds.

The graphic representation of a chemical compound is called its structural formula. It represents the arrangement of atoms.

In a condensed structural formula, the bond between atoms in a compound is represented by the absence of a line.

The chemical formula that represents the total number of atoms arranged in a molecule is known as the molecular formula.

Answer to Problem 6.1YT

Solution: Molecular formula for an alkane is given as:

C10H22

The structural formula for an alkane contains 10 carbon atoms and can be represented as:

Chemistry In Focus, Chapter 6, Problem 6.1YT , additional homework tip  1

The condensed structural formula for an alkane has 10 carbon atoms and can be represented as:

CH3CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2CH3

Or

CH3(CH2)8CH3

Explanation of Solution

The molecular formula for an alkane with 10 carbons bonded with single bond can be represented as follows:

C10H22

The structural formula for an alkane compound which contains 10 carbon and 22 hydrogen atoms linked together by single bond can be represented as follows:

Chemistry In Focus, Chapter 6, Problem 6.1YT , additional homework tip  2

The condensed structural formula for a pentane consists of 10 carbon and 22 hydrogen atoms bonded to each other by single bonding. The name of the compound is decane. The condensed structural formula can be represented as follows:

CH3CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2CH3

Or

CH3(CH2)8CH3

Conclusion

Molecular formula, the structural formula and the condensed structural formula for an alkane has 10 carbon atoms are respectively as below:

C10H22,

Chemistry In Focus, Chapter 6, Problem 6.1YT , additional homework tip  3

and

CH3CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2CH3

Or

CH3(CH2)8CH3

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Chapter 6 Solutions

Chemistry In Focus
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