BuyFindarrow_forward

Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079

Solutions

Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079
Textbook Problem

Assign IUPAC names to each of the six isomeric secondary amines that have the molecular formula C5H13N.

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

IUPAC names has to be assigned for the six isomeric secondary amines that have the molecular formula of C5H13N.

Concept Introduction:

Organic compounds are represented shortly by the molecular formula and structural formula.  Each and every compound has its own molecular formula.  Compounds can have same molecular formula but not same structural formula.

Isomers are the compounds that have same molecular formula but different structural formula.  The main difference lies in the way the atoms are arranged in the structure.  Isomers have different chemical and physical properties even when they have same molecular formula.  This is known as Isomerism.

If there is difference only in the connectivity of the atoms in the molecule, then it is known as constitutional isomerism.  The isomers are known as constitutional isomers.  They will have same molecular formula and same functional group, but they differ in the connectivity between the atoms in the molecule.

IUPAC nomenclature for amine:  There are about five rules to be followed in giving IUPAC name for an amine.

  • Longest carbon chain has to be identified that is attached to nitrogen atom.
  • Suffix “-e” in name of the parent chain alkane is replaced by “-amine”.
  • Numbering of the carbon chain is done from the end that is near the nitrogen atom.
  • Point of attachment of the nitrogen atom in the carbon chain is indicated by a number before the parent chain name.
  • In case if substituents are present, then the identity and location of substituents are appended to the front in the parent chain name.

If the compound contains two amine groups, then the suffix “-e” is replaced by diamine.  Tertiary and secondary amines are named as N-substituted primary amines.

Common name for amine is given in a single word.  Primary amine is named as alkylamine.  Secondary amine is named as alkylalkylamine.  Tertiary amine is named as alkylalkylalkylamine.

Explanation

Given molecular formula of the amine is C5H13N.  Constitutional isomers are the compounds which have same molecular formula but they differ only in the connectivity of the atoms in the molecule.  Secondary amines have a nitrogen atom that is bonded to one hydrogen atom and two hydrocarbon groups.  The six isomeric secondary amines and the IUPAC name for them are given by following the IUPAC nomenclature

Still sussing out bartleby?

Check out a sample textbook solution.

See a sample solution

The Solution to Your Study Problems

Bartleby provides explanations to thousands of textbook problems written by our experts, many with advanced degrees!

Get Started
Sect-6.4 P-1QQSect-6.4 P-2QQSect-6.5 P-1QQSect-6.5 P-2QQSect-6.5 P-3QQSect-6.6 P-1QQSect-6.6 P-2QQSect-6.6 P-3QQSect-6.7 P-1QQSect-6.7 P-2QQSect-6.7 P-3QQSect-6.8 P-1QQSect-6.8 P-2QQSect-6.8 P-3QQSect-6.8 P-4QQSect-6.9 P-1QQSect-6.9 P-2QQSect-6.10 P-1QQSect-6.10 P-2QQSect-6.10 P-3QQSect-6.10 P-4QQSect-6.11 P-1QQSect-6.11 P-2QQSect-6.11 P-3QQSect-6.12 P-1QQSect-6.12 P-2QQSect-6.12 P-3QQSect-6.12 P-4QQSect-6.13 P-1QQSect-6.13 P-2QQSect-6.13 P-3QQSect-6.13 P-4QQSect-6.14 P-1QQSect-6.14 P-2QQSect-6.14 P-3QQSect-6.15 P-1QQSect-6.15 P-2QQSect-6.16 P-1QQSect-6.16 P-2QQSect-6.16 P-3QQSect-6.17 P-1QQSect-6.17 P-2QQSect-6.17 P-3QQSect-6.18 P-1QQSect-6.18 P-2QQSect-6.18 P-3QQSect-6.19 P-1QQSect-6.19 P-2QQSect-6.19 P-3QQSect-6.19 P-4QQCh-6 P-6.1EPCh-6 P-6.2EPCh-6 P-6.3EPCh-6 P-6.4EPCh-6 P-6.5EPCh-6 P-6.6EPCh-6 P-6.7EPCh-6 P-6.8EPCh-6 P-6.9EPCh-6 P-6.10EPCh-6 P-6.11EPCh-6 P-6.12EPCh-6 P-6.13EPCh-6 P-6.14EPCh-6 P-6.15EPCh-6 P-6.16EPCh-6 P-6.17EPCh-6 P-6.18EPCh-6 P-6.19EPCh-6 P-6.20EPCh-6 P-6.21EPCh-6 P-6.22EPCh-6 P-6.23EPCh-6 P-6.24EPCh-6 P-6.25EPCh-6 P-6.26EPCh-6 P-6.27EPCh-6 P-6.28EPCh-6 P-6.29EPCh-6 P-6.30EPCh-6 P-6.31EPCh-6 P-6.32EPCh-6 P-6.33EPCh-6 P-6.34EPCh-6 P-6.35EPCh-6 P-6.36EPCh-6 P-6.37EPCh-6 P-6.38EPCh-6 P-6.39EPCh-6 P-6.40EPCh-6 P-6.41EPCh-6 P-6.42EPCh-6 P-6.43EPCh-6 P-6.44EPCh-6 P-6.45EPCh-6 P-6.46EPCh-6 P-6.47EPCh-6 P-6.48EPCh-6 P-6.49EPCh-6 P-6.50EPCh-6 P-6.51EPCh-6 P-6.52EPCh-6 P-6.53EPCh-6 P-6.54EPCh-6 P-6.55EPCh-6 P-6.56EPCh-6 P-6.57EPCh-6 P-6.58EPCh-6 P-6.59EPCh-6 P-6.60EPCh-6 P-6.61EPCh-6 P-6.62EPCh-6 P-6.63EPCh-6 P-6.64EPCh-6 P-6.65EPCh-6 P-6.66EPCh-6 P-6.67EPCh-6 P-6.68EPCh-6 P-6.69EPCh-6 P-6.70EPCh-6 P-6.71EPCh-6 P-6.72EPCh-6 P-6.73EPCh-6 P-6.74EPCh-6 P-6.75EPCh-6 P-6.76EPCh-6 P-6.77EPCh-6 P-6.78EPCh-6 P-6.79EPCh-6 P-6.80EPCh-6 P-6.81EPCh-6 P-6.82EPCh-6 P-6.83EPCh-6 P-6.84EPCh-6 P-6.85EPCh-6 P-6.86EPCh-6 P-6.87EPCh-6 P-6.88EPCh-6 P-6.89EPCh-6 P-6.90EPCh-6 P-6.91EPCh-6 P-6.92EPCh-6 P-6.93EPCh-6 P-6.94EPCh-6 P-6.95EPCh-6 P-6.96EPCh-6 P-6.97EPCh-6 P-6.98EPCh-6 P-6.99EPCh-6 P-6.100EPCh-6 P-6.101EPCh-6 P-6.102EPCh-6 P-6.103EPCh-6 P-6.104EPCh-6 P-6.105EPCh-6 P-6.106EPCh-6 P-6.107EPCh-6 P-6.108EPCh-6 P-6.109EPCh-6 P-6.110EPCh-6 P-6.111EPCh-6 P-6.112EPCh-6 P-6.113EPCh-6 P-6.114EPCh-6 P-6.115EPCh-6 P-6.116EPCh-6 P-6.117EPCh-6 P-6.118EPCh-6 P-6.119EPCh-6 P-6.120EPCh-6 P-6.121EPCh-6 P-6.122EPCh-6 P-6.123EPCh-6 P-6.124EPCh-6 P-6.125EPCh-6 P-6.126EPCh-6 P-6.127EPCh-6 P-6.128EPCh-6 P-6.129EPCh-6 P-6.130EPCh-6 P-6.131EPCh-6 P-6.132EPCh-6 P-6.133EPCh-6 P-6.134EPCh-6 P-6.135EPCh-6 P-6.136EPCh-6 P-6.137EPCh-6 P-6.138EPCh-6 P-6.139EPCh-6 P-6.140EPCh-6 P-6.141EPCh-6 P-6.142EPCh-6 P-6.143EPCh-6 P-6.144EPCh-6 P-6.145EPCh-6 P-6.146EPCh-6 P-6.147EPCh-6 P-6.148EPCh-6 P-6.149EPCh-6 P-6.150EPCh-6 P-6.151EPCh-6 P-6.152EPCh-6 P-6.153EPCh-6 P-6.154EP

Additional Science Solutions

Find more solutions based on key concepts

Show solutions add

Why do distant stars look redder than their spectral types suggest?

Horizons: Exploring the Universe (MindTap Course List)

How can errors in the cell cycle lead to cancer in humans?

Human Heredity: Principles and Issues (MindTap Course List)

What is meant by biological evolution?

Human Biology (MindTap Course List)

Discuss whether you believe that an eating pattern approach to dietary guidelines is best, or that specific nut...

Nutrition: Concepts and Controversies - Standalone book (MindTap Course List)

(a) At the time of this books printing, the U.S. national debt is about 16 trillion. If payments were made at t...

Physics for Scientists and Engineers, Technology Update (No access codes included)