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Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079

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Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079
Textbook Problem

Draw skeletal structural formulas for the three isomeric trisubstituted ammonium ions that have the chemical formula C5H14N+.

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Skeletal structural formula of three isomeric trisubstituted ammonium ions that have chemical formula of C5H14N+ has to be drawn.

Concept Introduction:

Amines are a class of organic compounds.  They are derivatives of ammonia.  Similar to the nitrogen atom in ammonia, the amine nitrogen also has a lone pair of electrons on it.  This means that amines can act as proton acceptors.  When an amine is added to water a proton is transferred to the nitrogen atom.  The resulting solution is a basic solution.  This contains ammonium ions and hydroxide ions.

Substituted ammonium ion is the one in which one or more alkyl, aryl, or cycloalkyl groups are substituted instead of hydrogen atoms.  There are two important generalizations that is applied to the substituted ammonium ion and they are,

  • Substituted ammonium ions are not neutral molecules.  They are charged species.
  • Nitrogen atom has four bonds in ammonium ion or substituted ammonium ion.  The species is positively charged as the fourth bond formed is a coordinate covalent bond.
Explanation

Given chemical formula of ammonium ion is C5H14N+.

In the problem statement it is said that trisubstituted ammonium ions has to be drawn.  Trisubstituted ammonium ions mean three carbon atoms (from hydrocarbon group) and one hydrogen atom has to be attached to the nitrogen atom

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