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Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079

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Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079
Textbook Problem

Draw the structure of the missing substance or sub stances in each of the following reactions involving amines and amine salts.

Chapter 6, Problem 6.53EP, Draw the structure of the missing substance or sub stances in each of the following reactions , example  1

  1. a. b. CH 3 CH 2 NH CH 3  + ?   CH 3 CH 2 N + H 2 CH 3  Cl

Chapter 6, Problem 6.53EP, Draw the structure of the missing substance or sub stances in each of the following reactions , example  2

Chapter 6, Problem 6.53EP, Draw the structure of the missing substance or sub stances in each of the following reactions , example  3

(a)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Structure of the missing substance that involves in the given reaction has to be drawn.

Concept Introduction:

Neutralization reaction is the one that takes place between an acid and a base to give salt as product.  As amines are bases due to the amino group in it, the reaction with inorganic acid or carboxylic acid gives salt as product.  The salt formed is an amine salt.  Proton is donated from the acid to the nitrogen atom which acts as a proton acceptor.  In simple words, it can be said that in an amine‑acid reaction, the acid loses a hydrogen ion and amine gains a hydrogen ion.

When a strong base is added to the amine salt, the parent amine can be obtained.  This is a reverse reaction of the amine salt formation reaction.  These reactions can be represented as shown below,

Organic And Biological Chemistry, Chapter 6, Problem 6.53EP , additional homework tip  1

Explanation

Given reaction is,

On seeing the given reaction, the product formed is an amine.  Only the amine salt reacts with a strong base such as NaOH to give the amine.  The amine salt can be identified from the primary amine by protonating the nitrogen

(b)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Structure of the missing substance that involves in the given reaction has to be drawn.

Concept Introduction:

Neutralization reaction is the one that takes place between an acid and a base to give salt as product.  As amines are bases due to the amino group in it, the reaction with inorganic acid or carboxylic acid gives salt as product.  The salt formed is an amine salt.  Proton is donated from the acid to the nitrogen atom which acts as a proton acceptor.  In simple words, it can be said that in an amine‑acid reaction, the acid loses a hydrogen ion and amine gains a hydrogen ion.

When a strong base is added to the amine salt, the parent amine can be obtained.  This is a reverse reaction of the amine salt formation reaction.  These reactions can be represented as shown below,

Organic And Biological Chemistry, Chapter 6, Problem 6.53EP , additional homework tip  2

(c)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Structure of the missing substance that involves in the given reaction has to be drawn.

Concept Introduction:

Neutralization reaction is the one that takes place between an acid and a base to give salt as product.  As amines are bases due to the amino group in it, the reaction with inorganic acid or carboxylic acid gives salt as product.  The salt formed is an amine salt.  Proton is donated from the acid to the nitrogen atom which acts as a proton acceptor.  In simple words, it can be said that in an amine‑acid reaction, the acid loses a hydrogen ion and amine gains a hydrogen ion.

When a strong base is added to the amine salt, the parent amine can be obtained.  This is a reverse reaction of the amine salt formation reaction.  These reactions can be represented as shown below,

Organic And Biological Chemistry, Chapter 6, Problem 6.53EP , additional homework tip  3

(d)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Structure of the missing substance that involves in the given reaction has to be drawn.

Concept Introduction:

Neutralization reaction is the one that takes place between an acid and a base to give salt as product.  As amines are bases due to the amino group in it, the reaction with inorganic acid or carboxylic acid gives salt as product.  The salt formed is an amine salt.  Proton is donated from the acid to the nitrogen atom which acts as a proton acceptor.  In simple words, it can be said that in an amine‑acid reaction, the acid loses a hydrogen ion and amine gains a hydrogen ion.

When a strong base is added to the amine salt, the parent amine can be obtained.  This is a reverse reaction of the amine salt formation reaction.  These reactions can be represented as shown below,

Organic And Biological Chemistry, Chapter 6, Problem 6.53EP , additional homework tip  4

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