BuyFindarrow_forward

Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079

Solutions

Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079
Textbook Problem

Indicate whether each of the following amines has a phenethylamine structural core or a tryptamine structural core.

  1. a. Norephinephrine
  2. b. Adrenaline
  3. c. L-dopa
  4. d. Methamphetamine

(a)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Norepinephrine has a phenethylamine core or a tryptamine core has to be indicated.

Concept Introduction:

Generally amines are toxic in nature.  If a compound contains only amine as its functional group, they will be often toxic.  Due to this, in biological systems they are not prevalent.  If the same compound contains more than one functional group apart from amine means it can be physiologically active.  Important “core” structures that are frequently encountered in polyfunctional amines that have biological effects are tryptamine core and phenethylamine core.

Organic And Biological Chemistry, Chapter 6, Problem 6.86EP , additional homework tip  1

There are three types of effects that an amine can exert.  They are neurotransmitters, central nervous system stimulants and decongestants.  Neurotransmitters are the substances that are present in human body that help in passing impulse of nerves from one cell to another.  Central nervous stimulants are the substances that help in speeding up of physical and mental processes.  Decongestant is a substance that is used to relieve nasal congestion.

Explanation

Polyfunctional amines have biological activity.  Some of the compounds exhibit more than one biological activity.  Structure of norepinephrine is,

(b)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Adrenaline has a phenethylamine core or a tryptamine core has to be indicated.

Concept Introduction:

Generally amines are toxic in nature.  If a compound contains only amine as its functional group, they will be often toxic.  Due to this, in biological systems they are not prevalent.  If the same compound contains more than one functional group apart from amine means it can be physiologically active.  Important “core” structures that are frequently encountered in polyfunctional amines that have biological effects are tryptamine core and phenethylamine core.

Organic And Biological Chemistry, Chapter 6, Problem 6.86EP , additional homework tip  2

There are three types of effects that an amine can exert.  They are neurotransmitters, central nervous system stimulants and decongestants.  Neurotransmitters are the substances that are present in human body that help in passing impulse of nerves from one cell to another.  Central nervous stimulants are the substances that help in speeding up of physical and mental processes.  Decongestant is a substance that is used to relieve nasal congestion.

(c)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

L-Dopa has a phenethylamine core or a tryptamine core has to be indicated.

Concept Introduction:

Generally amines are toxic in nature.  If a compound contains only amine as its functional group, they will be often toxic.  Due to this, in biological systems they are not prevalent.  If the same compound contains more than one functional group apart from amine means it can be physiologically active.  Important “core” structures that are frequently encountered in polyfunctional amines that have biological effects are tryptamine core and phenethylamine core.

Organic And Biological Chemistry, Chapter 6, Problem 6.86EP , additional homework tip  3

There are three types of effects that an amine can exert.  They are neurotransmitters, central nervous system stimulants and decongestants.  Neurotransmitters are the substances that are present in human body that help in passing impulse of nerves from one cell to another.  Central nervous stimulants are the substances that help in speeding up of physical and mental processes.  Decongestant is a substance that is used to relieve nasal congestion.

(d)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Methamphetamine has a phenethylamine core or a tryptamine core has to be indicated.

Concept Introduction:

Generally amines are toxic in nature.  If a compound contains only amine as its functional group, they will be often toxic.  Due to this, in biological systems they are not prevalent.  If the same compound contains more than one functional group apart from amine means it can be physiologically active.  Important “core” structures that are frequently encountered in polyfunctional amines that have biological effects are tryptamine core and phenethylamine core.

Organic And Biological Chemistry, Chapter 6, Problem 6.86EP , additional homework tip  4

There are three types of effects that an amine can exert.  They are neurotransmitters, central nervous system stimulants and decongestants.  Neurotransmitters are the substances that are present in human body that help in passing impulse of nerves from one cell to another.  Central nervous stimulants are the substances that help in speeding up of physical and mental processes.  Decongestant is a substance that is used to relieve nasal congestion.

Still sussing out bartleby?

Check out a sample textbook solution.

See a sample solution

The Solution to Your Study Problems

Bartleby provides explanations to thousands of textbook problems written by our experts, many with advanced degrees!

Get Started
Sect-6.4 P-1QQSect-6.4 P-2QQSect-6.5 P-1QQSect-6.5 P-2QQSect-6.5 P-3QQSect-6.6 P-1QQSect-6.6 P-2QQSect-6.6 P-3QQSect-6.7 P-1QQSect-6.7 P-2QQSect-6.7 P-3QQSect-6.8 P-1QQSect-6.8 P-2QQSect-6.8 P-3QQSect-6.8 P-4QQSect-6.9 P-1QQSect-6.9 P-2QQSect-6.10 P-1QQSect-6.10 P-2QQSect-6.10 P-3QQSect-6.10 P-4QQSect-6.11 P-1QQSect-6.11 P-2QQSect-6.11 P-3QQSect-6.12 P-1QQSect-6.12 P-2QQSect-6.12 P-3QQSect-6.12 P-4QQSect-6.13 P-1QQSect-6.13 P-2QQSect-6.13 P-3QQSect-6.13 P-4QQSect-6.14 P-1QQSect-6.14 P-2QQSect-6.14 P-3QQSect-6.15 P-1QQSect-6.15 P-2QQSect-6.16 P-1QQSect-6.16 P-2QQSect-6.16 P-3QQSect-6.17 P-1QQSect-6.17 P-2QQSect-6.17 P-3QQSect-6.18 P-1QQSect-6.18 P-2QQSect-6.18 P-3QQSect-6.19 P-1QQSect-6.19 P-2QQSect-6.19 P-3QQSect-6.19 P-4QQCh-6 P-6.1EPCh-6 P-6.2EPCh-6 P-6.3EPCh-6 P-6.4EPCh-6 P-6.5EPCh-6 P-6.6EPCh-6 P-6.7EPCh-6 P-6.8EPCh-6 P-6.9EPCh-6 P-6.10EPCh-6 P-6.11EPCh-6 P-6.12EPCh-6 P-6.13EPCh-6 P-6.14EPCh-6 P-6.15EPCh-6 P-6.16EPCh-6 P-6.17EPCh-6 P-6.18EPCh-6 P-6.19EPCh-6 P-6.20EPCh-6 P-6.21EPCh-6 P-6.22EPCh-6 P-6.23EPCh-6 P-6.24EPCh-6 P-6.25EPCh-6 P-6.26EPCh-6 P-6.27EPCh-6 P-6.28EPCh-6 P-6.29EPCh-6 P-6.30EPCh-6 P-6.31EPCh-6 P-6.32EPCh-6 P-6.33EPCh-6 P-6.34EPCh-6 P-6.35EPCh-6 P-6.36EPCh-6 P-6.37EPCh-6 P-6.38EPCh-6 P-6.39EPCh-6 P-6.40EPCh-6 P-6.41EPCh-6 P-6.42EPCh-6 P-6.43EPCh-6 P-6.44EPCh-6 P-6.45EPCh-6 P-6.46EPCh-6 P-6.47EPCh-6 P-6.48EPCh-6 P-6.49EPCh-6 P-6.50EPCh-6 P-6.51EPCh-6 P-6.52EPCh-6 P-6.53EPCh-6 P-6.54EPCh-6 P-6.55EPCh-6 P-6.56EPCh-6 P-6.57EPCh-6 P-6.58EPCh-6 P-6.59EPCh-6 P-6.60EPCh-6 P-6.61EPCh-6 P-6.62EPCh-6 P-6.63EPCh-6 P-6.64EPCh-6 P-6.65EPCh-6 P-6.66EPCh-6 P-6.67EPCh-6 P-6.68EPCh-6 P-6.69EPCh-6 P-6.70EPCh-6 P-6.71EPCh-6 P-6.72EPCh-6 P-6.73EPCh-6 P-6.74EPCh-6 P-6.75EPCh-6 P-6.76EPCh-6 P-6.77EPCh-6 P-6.78EPCh-6 P-6.79EPCh-6 P-6.80EPCh-6 P-6.81EPCh-6 P-6.82EPCh-6 P-6.83EPCh-6 P-6.84EPCh-6 P-6.85EPCh-6 P-6.86EPCh-6 P-6.87EPCh-6 P-6.88EPCh-6 P-6.89EPCh-6 P-6.90EPCh-6 P-6.91EPCh-6 P-6.92EPCh-6 P-6.93EPCh-6 P-6.94EPCh-6 P-6.95EPCh-6 P-6.96EPCh-6 P-6.97EPCh-6 P-6.98EPCh-6 P-6.99EPCh-6 P-6.100EPCh-6 P-6.101EPCh-6 P-6.102EPCh-6 P-6.103EPCh-6 P-6.104EPCh-6 P-6.105EPCh-6 P-6.106EPCh-6 P-6.107EPCh-6 P-6.108EPCh-6 P-6.109EPCh-6 P-6.110EPCh-6 P-6.111EPCh-6 P-6.112EPCh-6 P-6.113EPCh-6 P-6.114EPCh-6 P-6.115EPCh-6 P-6.116EPCh-6 P-6.117EPCh-6 P-6.118EPCh-6 P-6.119EPCh-6 P-6.120EPCh-6 P-6.121EPCh-6 P-6.122EPCh-6 P-6.123EPCh-6 P-6.124EPCh-6 P-6.125EPCh-6 P-6.126EPCh-6 P-6.127EPCh-6 P-6.128EPCh-6 P-6.129EPCh-6 P-6.130EPCh-6 P-6.131EPCh-6 P-6.132EPCh-6 P-6.133EPCh-6 P-6.134EPCh-6 P-6.135EPCh-6 P-6.136EPCh-6 P-6.137EPCh-6 P-6.138EPCh-6 P-6.139EPCh-6 P-6.140EPCh-6 P-6.141EPCh-6 P-6.142EPCh-6 P-6.143EPCh-6 P-6.144EPCh-6 P-6.145EPCh-6 P-6.146EPCh-6 P-6.147EPCh-6 P-6.148EPCh-6 P-6.149EPCh-6 P-6.150EPCh-6 P-6.151EPCh-6 P-6.152EPCh-6 P-6.153EPCh-6 P-6.154EP

Additional Science Solutions

Find more solutions based on key concepts

Show solutions add

What is population genetics?

Human Heredity: Principles and Issues (MindTap Course List)

How is optimal foraging adaptive?

Biology (MindTap Course List)

How can a star of as much as 8 solar masses form a white dwarf when it dies?

Horizons: Exploring the Universe (MindTap Course List)

The length of time a person must spend exercising in order to meet the Physical Activity Guidelines for America...

Nutrition: Concepts and Controversies - Standalone book (MindTap Course List)

A man drops a rock into a well, (a) The man hears the sound of the splash 2.40 s after he releases the rock fro...

Physics for Scientists and Engineers, Technology Update (No access codes included)