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Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079

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Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079
Textbook Problem

Indicate whether each of the following amines is (1) a decongestant, (2) a central nervous system stimulant, or (3) a neurotransmitter.

  1. a. Serotonin
  2. b. Amphetamine
  3. c. Phenylephrine
  4. d. Adderall

(a)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Serotonin is a decongestant or central nervous system stimulant or a neurotransmitter has to be indicated.

Concept Introduction:

Generally amines are toxic in nature.  If a compound contains only amine as its functional group, they will be often toxic.  Due to this, in biological systems they are not prevalent.  If the same compound contains more than one functional group apart from amine means it can be physiologically active.  Important “core” structures that are frequently encountered in polyfunctional amines that have biological effects are tryptamine core and phenethylamine core.

Organic And Biological Chemistry, Chapter 6, Problem 6.88EP , additional homework tip  1

There are three types of effects that an amine can exert.  They are neurotransmitters, central nervous system stimulants and decongestants.  Neurotransmitters are the substances that are present in human body that help in passing impulse of nerves from one cell to another.  Central nervous stimulants are the substances that help in speeding up of physical and mental processes.  Decongestant is a substance that is used to relieve nasal congestion.

Explanation

Polyfunctional amines have biological activity.  Some of the compounds exhibit more than one biological activity.  Structure of serotonin is,

(b)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Amphetamine is a decongestant or central nervous system stimulant or a neurotransmitter has to be indicated.

Concept Introduction:

Generally amines are toxic in nature.  If a compound contains only amine as its functional group, they will be often toxic.  Due to this, in biological systems they are not prevalent.  If the same compound contains more than one functional group apart from amine means it can be physiologically active.  Important “core” structures that are frequently encountered in polyfunctional amines that have biological effects are tryptamine core and phenethylamine core.

Organic And Biological Chemistry, Chapter 6, Problem 6.88EP , additional homework tip  2

There are three types of effects that an amine can exert.  They are neurotransmitters, central nervous system stimulants and decongestants.  Neurotransmitters are the substances that are present in human body that help in passing impulse of nerves from one cell to another.  Central nervous stimulants are the substances that help in speeding up of physical and mental processes.  Decongestant is a substance that is used to relieve nasal congestion.

(c)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Phenylephrine is a decongestant or central nervous system stimulant or a neurotransmitter has to be indicated.

Concept Introduction:

Generally amines are toxic in nature.  If a compound contains only amine as its functional group, they will be often toxic.  Due to this, in biological systems they are not prevalent.  If the same compound contains more than one functional group apart from amine means it can be physiologically active.  Important “core” structures that are frequently encountered in polyfunctional amines that have biological effects are tryptamine core and phenethylamine core.

Organic And Biological Chemistry, Chapter 6, Problem 6.88EP , additional homework tip  3

There are three types of effects that an amine can exert.  They are neurotransmitters, central nervous system stimulants and decongestants.  Neurotransmitters are the substances that are present in human body that help in passing impulse of nerves from one cell to another.  Central nervous stimulants are the substances that help in speeding up of physical and mental processes.  Decongestant is a substance that is used to relieve nasal congestion.

(d)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Adderall is a decongestant or central nervous system stimulant or a neurotransmitter has to be indicated.

Concept Introduction:

Generally amines are toxic in nature.  If a compound contains only amine as its functional group, they will be often toxic.  Due to this, in biological systems they are not prevalent.  If the same compound contains more than one functional group apart from amine means it can be physiologically active.  Important “core” structures that are frequently encountered in polyfunctional amines that have biological effects are tryptamine core and phenethylamine core.

Organic And Biological Chemistry, Chapter 6, Problem 6.88EP , additional homework tip  4

There are three types of effects that an amine can exert.  They are neurotransmitters, central nervous system stimulants and decongestants.  Neurotransmitters are the substances that are present in human body that help in passing impulse of nerves from one cell to another.  Central nervous stimulants are the substances that help in speeding up of physical and mental processes.  Decongestant is a substance that is used to relieve nasal congestion.

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