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Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079

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Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079
Textbook Problem

Indicate whether or not each of the following substances is an alkaloid.

  1. a. Nicotine
  2. b. Quinine
  3. c. Morphine
  4. d. Cocaine

(a)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Nicotine is an alkaloid or not has to be indicated.

Concept Introduction:

Alkaloids are organic compounds that contain nitrogen atom in it and are extracted from plant material.  Alkaloid means “like a base”.  This says that alkaloids react with acids.  More than 5000 compounds are isolated from plants and they are physiologically active.  They all nearly contain amine as functional group in it.

Explanation

Nicotine is a compound that is obtained or isolated from tobacco plant...

(b)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Quinine is an alkaloid or not has to be indicated.

Concept Introduction:

Alkaloids are organic compounds that contain nitrogen atom in it and are extracted from plant material.  Alkaloid means “like a base”.  This says that alkaloids react with acids.  More than 5000 compounds are isolated from plants and they are physiologically active.  They all nearly contain amine as functional group in it.

(c)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Morphine is an alkaloid or not has to be indicated.

Concept Introduction:

Alkaloids are organic compounds that contain nitrogen atom in it and are extracted from plant material.  Alkaloid means “like a base”.  This says that alkaloids react with acids.  More than 5000 compounds are isolated from plants and they are physiologically active.  They all nearly contain amine as functional group in it.

(d)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Cocaine is an alkaloid or not has to be indicated.

Concept Introduction:

Alkaloids are organic compounds that contain nitrogen atom in it and are extracted from plant material.  Alkaloid means “like a base”.  This says that alkaloids react with acids.  More than 5000 compounds are isolated from plants and they are physiologically active.  They all nearly contain amine as functional group in it.

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