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Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079

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Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079
Textbook Problem

The most widely prescribed painkillers in the United States, at present, are

  1. a. the codeine derivatives hydrocodone and oxycodone
  2. b. codeine and morphine
  3. c. codeine and hydrocodone
  4. d. no correct response

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

A widely prescribed painkiller in United States has to be chosen from the given options.

Concept Introduction:

Alkaloids are organic compounds that contain nitrogen atom in it and are extracted from plant material.  Alkaloid means “like a base”.  This says that alkaloids react with acids.  More than 5000 compounds are isolated from plants and they are physiologically active.  They all nearly contain amine as functional group in it.

Narcotic painkillers are one of the important families of alkaloids.  These are a class of drugs that are derived from resin of poppy plant.  Morphine and codeine are the two important drugs that are obtained from poppy plant.

Explanation

Reason for correct option:

Important drugs obtained from poppy plant are morphine and codeine.  In United States, the mostly prescribed painkillers for relieving moderate to heavy pain has the active ingredient as codeine derivatives of oxycodone or hydrocodone.

Therefore, option (a) is the correct one.

Reason for incorrect option:

Option (b) tells that widely prescribed painkiller in United States is codeine and morphine...

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