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Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079

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Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079
Textbook Problem

What is the IUPAC name for the amide whose common name is acetamide?

  1. a. methylamide
  2. b. ethylamide
  3. c. ethanamide
  4. d. no correct response

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

IUPAC name of an amide is acetamide.  Common name of the same amide has to be chosen from the given options.

Concept Introduction:

Amides are derivatives of carboxylic acid.  This is the reason that their names are completely based on the parent carboxylic acid.

IUPAC rules for naming an amide:

  • The end in name of the carboxylic acid is changed from “-ic acid” or “-oic acid” to “-amide”.
  • The groups attached to the nitrogen are appended to front of base name by using N-prefix as locator.

For amides, IUPAC name and common names are the named using the same rules.

Explanation

Reason for correct option:

Given IUPAC name of the amide is acetamide.  The structure of acetamide is,

The parent carboxylic acid is found to be ethanoic acid.  Amide is named by replacing the suffix “-oic acid” with “-amide”.  There are no substituents present in on the nitrogen atom.  Hence, common name of the given compound is ethanamide.

Therefore, the correct option is option (c)...

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