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Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079

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Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079
Textbook Problem

Which of the following amides is an important hormone in the human body?

  1. a. melatonin
  2. b. DEET
  3. c. acetaminophen
  4. d. no correct response

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The amide that is an important hormone in human body has to be chosen from the given options.

Concept Introduction:

Organic compounds are the important basis of life.  They include gasoline, coal, dyes, and clothing fibers etc.  The compounds that are obtained from living organisms are termed as organic compounds and those obtained from the earth are known as inorganic compounds.  Organic compounds are found in earth also apart from living organisms.  All the organic compounds contain the element carbon.  Urea was synthesized in the laboratory which is an organic compound.

Organic compounds contain heteroatom also.  Some of them are nitrogen, sulfur, oxygen etc.  Nitrogen containing organic compounds is of two important types and they are amines, amides.

Explanation

Reason for correct option:

Melatonin is a complex amide.  This hormone is synthesized in pineal gland.  This is the hormone that regulates sleep‑wake cycle in humans.  The levels of melatonin increase in human body during evening hours and it decreases as morning approaches.  Hence, melatonin is the important hormone that is present in the human body.

Hence, option (a) is the correct one.

Reason for incorrect option:

Option (b) tells that the important hormone in human body is DEET...

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