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Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079

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Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079
Textbook Problem

The process of amidification involves a(n)

  1. a. addition reaction
  2. b. condensation reaction
  3. c. substitution reaction
  4. d. no correct response

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Amidification process involves what type of reaction has to be chosen from the given options.

Concept Introduction:

Amides are synthesized using amidification reaction.  This involves a reaction between amine and carboxylic acid.  In this reaction, the OH group present in carboxylic acid and H from ammonia or amine is lost to give amide as the product.  Water is obtained as a by-product in this reaction.  The general reaction scheme for synthesis of amides can be given as,

Ammonia + Carboxylic acid 100 °C amideamine + Carboxylic acid 100 °C amideamine + Carboxylic acid 100 °C amide

Explanation

Reason for correct option:

In amidification process, OH from carboxylic acid and H from amine or ammonia is lost to form amide as product.  The byproduct obtained in amidification process is water.  As a small molecule is lost in the formation of compound, this is a condensation reaction.  Hence, option (b) is a correct one.

Reason for incorrect option:

Option (a) tells that the process of amidification is addition reaction

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