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Discrete Mathematics With Applicat...

5th Edition
EPP + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning,
ISBN: 9781337694193

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Discrete Mathematics With Applicat...

5th Edition
EPP + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning,
ISBN: 9781337694193
Chapter 6.2, Problem 28ES
Textbook Problem
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Use the element method for proving a set equals the empty set to prove each statement in 28—38. Assume that all sets are subsets of a universal set .

28. For all sets A and B, ( A B ) ( A B c ) = . (This property is used in Section 9.9.)

To determine

To Prove:

If U denotes a universal set, then Uc=ϕ.

Explanation of Solution

Given information:

Consider that a universal set U.

Concept used:

:Union of sets:Intersection of sets

: subset of set

Calculation:

Consider that a universal set U.

The objective is to find Uc=ϕ by using the element method for proving a set equal to empty set.

Element method for proving a set equal to empty set:

To prove that a set X is equal to the empty set ϕ, prove that X has no element. To do this,

Suppose X has an element and derive a contradiction.

Prove that the set Uc={x|xis not in U}=ϕ by using the element method as,

Since all sets are subsets of the universal set U

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Chapter 6 Solutions

Discrete Mathematics With Applications
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Ch. 6.1 - A collection of nonempty set is a partition of a...Ch. 6.1 - In each of (a)-(f), answer the following question:...Ch. 6.1 - Complete the proof from Example 6.1.3: Prove that...Ch. 6.1 - Let sets R, S, and T be defined as follows:...Ch. 6.1 - Let A={nZn=5rforsomeintegerr} and...Ch. 6.1 - Let C={nZn=6r5forsomeintegerr} and...Ch. 6.1 - Let...Ch. 6.1 - ...Ch. 6.1 - Write in words how to end to read each of the...Ch. 6.1 - Complete the following sentences without using the...Ch. 6.1 - ...Ch. 6.1 - Let the universal set be R, the set of all real...Ch. 6.1 - Let the universal set be R, the set of all real...Ch. 6.1 - Let S be the set of all strings of 0’s and 1’s of...Ch. 6.1 - In each of the following, draw a Venn diagram for...Ch. 6.1 - In each of the following, draw a Venn diagram for...Ch. 6.1 - Let A={a,b,c},B={b,c,d} , and C={b,c,e} a. Find...Ch. 6.1 - Consider the following Venn diagram. For each of...Ch. 6.1 - a. Is the number 0 in ? Why? b. Is ={} ? Why ? c....Ch. 6.1 - Let Ai={i,i2} for each integer i=1,2,3,4. a....Ch. 6.1 - Let Bi={xR0xi} for each integer i=1,2,3,4. a....Ch. 6.1 - Let Ci={i,i} for each nonnegative integer i.Ch. 6.1 - Let Di={xR-ixi}=[i,i] for each nonnegative integer...Ch. 6.1 - Let Vi={xR1ix1i}=[1i,1i] for each positive integer...Ch. 6.1 - Let Wi={xRxi}=(i,) for each nonnegative integer i....Ch. 6.1 - Let Ri={xR1x1+1i}=[1,1+1i]foreachpositiveintegeri....Ch. 6.1 - Let Si={xR1x1+1i}=(1,1+1i) for each positive...Ch. 6.1 - a. Is {{a, d, e}, {b, c}, {d, f }} a partition of...Ch. 6.1 - Let E be the set of all even integers and O the...Ch. 6.1 - Let R be the set of all real number. Is a...Ch. 6.1 - Let Z be the set of all integers and let...Ch. 6.1 - Suppose A={1,2} and B={2,3} . Find each of the...Ch. 6.1 - Suppose A={1} and B={u,v} . Find P(AB) . Suppose...Ch. 6.1 - Find P() FindP(p()). Find p(p(p())) .Ch. 6.1 - Let A1={1},A2={u,v},andA3={m,n}. Find each of the...Ch. 6.1 - Let...Ch. 6.1 - Trace the action of Algorithm 6,1,1 on the...Ch. 6.1 - Trace the action of Algorithm 6,1,1 on the...Ch. 6.1 - Write an algorithm to determine whether a given...Ch. 6.2 - To prove that a set X is a subset of a set you...Ch. 6.2 - To prove that a set X is a subset of a set AB, you...Ch. 6.2 - To prove that a set ABis a subset of a set X, you...Ch. 6.2 - To prove that a set AB is a subset of a set X, you...Ch. 6.2 - To prove that a set X equals a set Y, you prove...Ch. 6.2 - To prove that a set X does not equal a set Y, you...Ch. 6.2 - To say that an element is in A(BC) means that it...Ch. 6.2 - The following are two proofs that for all sets A...Ch. 6.2 - In 3 and 4, supply explanations of the steps in...Ch. 6.2 - Theorem: For all sets A and B, if AB , then ABB.Ch. 6.2 - Prove that for all set A and B, (BA)=BAe .Ch. 6.2 - Let and stand for the words “intersection” and...Ch. 6.2 - Use an element argument to prove each statement in...Ch. 6.2 - Use an elements argument to prove each statement...Ch. 6.2 - Use an element argument to prove each statement in...Ch. 6.2 - Use an element argument to prove each statement in...Ch. 6.2 - Use an element argument to prove each statement in...Ch. 6.2 - Use an element argument to prove each statement in...Ch. 6.2 - Use an element argument to prove each statement in...Ch. 6.2 - Use an element argument to prove each statement in...Ch. 6.2 - Use an element argument to prove each statement in...Ch. 6.2 - Use an element argument to prove each statement in...Ch. 6.2 - Use an element argument to prove each statement in...Ch. 6.2 - Use an element argument to prove each statement in...Ch. 6.2 - Use an element argument to prove each statement in...Ch. 6.2 - Use an element argument to prove each statement in...Ch. 6.2 - Use an element argument to prove each statement in...Ch. 6.2 - Use an element argument to prove each statement in...Ch. 6.2 - Find the mistake in the following : proof” that...Ch. 6.2 - Find the mistake in all the following “proof.”...Ch. 6.2 - Find the mistake in the following “proof” that for...Ch. 6.2 - Consider the Venn diagram below. Illustrate one of...Ch. 6.2 - Fill in the blanks in the following proof that for...Ch. 6.2 - Use the element method for proving a set equals...Ch. 6.2 - Use the element method for proving a set equals...Ch. 6.2 - Use an element argument to prove each statement in...Ch. 6.2 - Use an element argument to prove each statement in...Ch. 6.2 - Use an element argument to prove each statement in...Ch. 6.2 - Use an element argument to prove each statement in...Ch. 6.2 - Use an element argument to prove each statement in...Ch. 6.2 - Use an element argument to prove each statement in...Ch. 6.2 - Use an element argument to prove each statement in...Ch. 6.2 - Use an element argument to prove each statement in...Ch. 6.2 - Use an element argument to prove each statement in...Ch. 6.2 - Prove each statement is 39-44. For all sets A and...Ch. 6.2 - Prove each statement in 39-44. For every positive...Ch. 6.2 - Prove each statement in 39-44. For every positive...Ch. 6.2 - Prove each statement in 39-44. For every positive...Ch. 6.2 - Prove each statement in 39-44. For every positive...Ch. 6.2 - Prove each statement in 39-44. For every positive...Ch. 6.3 - Given a proposed set identity set identity...Ch. 6.3 - When using algebraic method for proving a set...Ch. 6.3 - When applying a property from Theorem 6.2.2, it...Ch. 6.3 - For each of 1-4 find a counterexample to show that...Ch. 6.3 - For each of 1-4 find a counterexample to show that...Ch. 6.3 - For each of 1-4 find a counterexample to show that...Ch. 6.3 - For each of 1-4 find a counterexample to show that...Ch. 6.3 - For each of 5—21 prove each statement that is true...Ch. 6.3 - For each of 5-21 prove each statement that is true...Ch. 6.3 - For each of 5-21 prove each statement that is true...Ch. 6.3 - For each of 5-21 prove each statement that is true...Ch. 6.3 - For each of 5-21 prove each statement that is true...Ch. 6.3 - For each of 5-21 prove each statement that is true...Ch. 6.3 - For each of 5-21 prove each statement that I true...Ch. 6.3 - For each of 5-21 prove each statement that I true...Ch. 6.3 - For each of 5—21 prove each statement that is true...Ch. 6.3 - For each of 5-21 prove each statement that I true...Ch. 6.3 - For each of 5-21 prove each statement that I true...Ch. 6.3 - For each of 5-21 prove each statement that I true...Ch. 6.3 - For each of 5-21 prove each statement that is true...Ch. 6.3 - For each of 5-21 prove each statement that is true...Ch. 6.3 - For each of 5-21 prove each statement that I true...Ch. 6.3 - For each of 5-21 prove each statement that is true...Ch. 6.3 - For each of 5-21 prove each statement that is true...Ch. 6.3 - Write a negation for each of the following...Ch. 6.3 - Let S={a,b,c} and for each integer i = 0, 1, 2, 3,...Ch. 6.3 - Let A={t,u,v,w} , and let S1 be the set of all...Ch. 6.3 - Use mathematical induction to prove that for every...Ch. 6.3 - The following problem, devised by Ginger Bolton,...Ch. 6.3 - In 27 and 28 supply a reason fro each step in the...Ch. 6.3 - In 27 and 28 supply a reason fro each step in the...Ch. 6.3 - Some steps are missing from the following proof...Ch. 6.3 - In 30-40, construct an algebraic proof for the...Ch. 6.3 - In 30-40, construct an algebraic proof for the...Ch. 6.3 - In 30-40, construct an algebraic proof for the...Ch. 6.3 - In 30-40, construct an algebraic proof for the...Ch. 6.3 - In 30-40, construct an algebraic proof for the...Ch. 6.3 - In 30—40, construct an algebraic proof for the...Ch. 6.3 - In 30-40, construct an algebraic proof for the...Ch. 6.3 - In 30-40, construct an algebraic proof for the...Ch. 6.3 - In 30-40, construct an algebraic proof for the...Ch. 6.3 - In 30-40, construct an algebraic proof for the...Ch. 6.3 - In 30-40, construct an algebraic proof for the...Ch. 6.3 - In 41-13 simple the given expression. Cite a...Ch. 6.3 - In 41-43 simplify the given expression. Cite a...Ch. 6.3 - In 41-43 simlify the given expression. Cite a...Ch. 6.3 - Consider the following set property: For all sets...Ch. 6.3 - Consider the following set property: For all sets...Ch. 6.3 - Let A={1,2,3,4},B={3,4,5,6}, and C={5,6,7,8} Find...Ch. 6.3 - Refer to the definition of symmetric difference...Ch. 6.3 - Refer to the definition of symmetric difference...Ch. 6.3 - Refer to the definition of symmetric difference...Ch. 6.3 - Refer to the definition of symmetric difference...Ch. 6.3 - Refer to the definition of symmetric difference...Ch. 6.3 - Refer to the definition of symmetric difference...Ch. 6.3 - Derive the set identity A(AB)=A from the...Ch. 6.3 - Derive the set identity A(AB)=A from the...Ch. 6.4 - In the comparison between the structure of the set...Ch. 6.4 - The operations of + and in a Boolean algebra are...Ch. 6.4 - Russell showed that the following proposed “set...Ch. 6.4 - In 1-3 assume that B is a Boolean algebra with...Ch. 6.4 - In 1-3 assume that B is a Boolean algebra with...Ch. 6.4 - In 1-3 assume that B is a Boolean algebra with...Ch. 6.4 - In 4—10 assume that B is a Boolean algebra with...Ch. 6.4 - In 4—10 assume that B is a Boolean algebra with...Ch. 6.4 - In 4—10 assume that B is a Boolean algebra with...Ch. 6.4 - In 4—10 assume that B is a Boolean algebra with...Ch. 6.4 - In 4—10 assume that B is a Boolean algebra with...Ch. 6.4 - In 4—10 assume that B is a Boolean algebra with...Ch. 6.4 - In 4—10 assume that B is a Boolean algebra with...Ch. 6.4 - Let S = {O, 1}, and define operations + and · on S...Ch. 6.4 - Exercises 12-15 provide an outline for a proof...Ch. 6.4 - Exercises 12-15 provide an outline for a proof...Ch. 6.4 - Exercises 12-15 provide an outline for a proof...Ch. 6.4 - Exercises 12-15 provide an outline for a proof...Ch. 6.4 - In 16-21 determine wheter each sentence is a...Ch. 6.4 - In 16-21 determine wheter each sentence is a...Ch. 6.4 - In 16-21 determine where each sentence is a...Ch. 6.4 - In 16-21 determin whether each sentence is a...Ch. 6.4 - In 16-21 determine wherether each sentence is a...Ch. 6.4 - In 16-21 determine wherether each sentence is a...Ch. 6.4 - (a) Assuming that the following senetec is a...Ch. 6.4 - The following two sentences were devised by the...Ch. 6.4 - Can there exist a cimputer program that has as...Ch. 6.4 - Can there exist a book that refers to all those...Ch. 6.4 - Some English adjectives are descriptive of...Ch. 6.4 - As strange as it may seem, it is possible to give...Ch. 6.4 - Is there an alogroithm whichm for a fixed quantity...Ch. 6.4 - Use a technique similar to that used to derive...

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