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Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079

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Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079
Textbook Problem

The IUPAC name for the ion CH 3 CH 2 N + H 3 is

  1. a. ethylamine ion
  2. b. ethylammonium ion
  3. c. ethylanilium ion
  4. d. no correct response

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

IUPAC name of CH3CH2N+H3 ion has to be chosen from the given options.

Concept Introduction:

IUPAC rules for naming ammonium ions:

There are two rules that has to be followed while naming a positive ion (ammonium ion) and they are,

  • In order to name an alkylamine, the ending of the name amine is changed from amine to ammonium ion.
  • In order to name an aromatic amine, the ending of the name “-e” is replaced by “-ium ion”.
Explanation

Reason for correct option:

Given ion is CH3CH2N+H3.

The parent amine is found to be ethylamine.  The ion formed from it is named by replacing the word amine with ammonium ion.  This gives the name of the ion as ethylammonium ion.

Hence, option (b) is a correct one

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