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Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079

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Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079
Textbook Problem

Alkylation of a secondary amine, under basic conditions, will produce

  1. a. a tertiary amine
  2. b. a secondary amine
  3. c. an amine salt
  4. d. no correct response

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The product obtained when secondary amine undergoes alkylation in basic condition has to be chosen from the given options.

Concept Introduction:

Alkylation reaction is a reaction in which the transfer of alkyl group from one molecule to another molecule takes place.  While considering amines, the alkylating agent that is used is alkyl halides.  Alkylation is done under basic conditions.  The general equations for amines alkylation process is,

  Ammonia + Alkylhalide Base amineamine + Alkylhalide Base amineamine + Alkylhalide Base amineamine + Alkylhalide Base quaternary ammonium salt

Explanation

Reason for correct option:

Secondary amine has a nitrogen atom that is bonded to two carbon atoms and one hydrogen atom.  When this undergoes alkylation, the hydrogen atom is replaced by an alkyl group.  The formed product is a tertiary amine.

Hence, option (a) is a correct one.

Reason for incorrect option:

Option (b) tells that the product formed when secondary amine undergoes alkylation in basic condition is a secondary amine itself...

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