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Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079

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Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079
Textbook Problem

Which of the following sets of reactants can be used to produce a quaternary ammonium salt?

  1. a. 1° amine and HCl
  2. b. 3° amine and alkyl halide
  3. c. amine salt and NaOH
  4. d. no correct response

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Quaternary ammonium salt is produced by reaction of which set of reactants has to be chosen from the given options.

Concept Introduction:

Alkylation reaction is a reaction in which the transfer of alkyl group from one molecule to another molecule takes place.  While considering amines, the alkylating agent that is used is alkyl halides.  Alkylation is done under basic conditions.  The general equations for amines alkylation process is,

  Ammonia + Alkylhalide Base amineamine + Alkylhalide Base amineamine + Alkylhalide Base amineamine + Alkylhalide Base quaternary ammonium salt

Explanation

Reason for correct option:

Quaternary ammonium salt contains a nitrogen atom that is bonded to four carbon atoms.  This is prepared by alkylation of tertiary amine with alkyl halide under basic condition.  When tertiary amine reacts with alkyl halide, the alkyl group is attached to the nitrogen atom resulting in a positive charged species known as quaternary ammonium salt.

Hence, option (b) is a correct one.

Reason for incorrect option:

Option (a) tells that the set of reactants to produce quaternary ammonium salt is primary amine and hydrochloric acid...

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