# According to the P co 2 /HCO 3 - /pH nomogram shown in Figure 7-15, if the P co 2 reported is 20 mm Hg, at a time when the pH is 7.51 and the HCO 3 - is 16 mEq/L , what acid-base balance disturbance is present?

### Cardiopulmonary Anatomy & Physiolo...

7th Edition
Des Jardins + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning,
ISBN: 9781337794909

### Cardiopulmonary Anatomy & Physiolo...

7th Edition
Des Jardins + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning,
ISBN: 9781337794909

#### Solutions

Chapter
Section
Chapter 7, Problem 15RQ
Textbook Problem

## According to the P co 2 /HCO 3 - /pH nomogram shown in Figure 7-15, if the P co 2 reported is 20 mm Hg, at a time when the pH is 7.51 and the HCO 3 -  is 16 mEq/L , what acid-base balance disturbance is present?

Expert Solution
Summary Introduction

To review:

The acid-base balance disturbance with the help of PCO2 /HCO3/pH nomograph given that PCO2 is 20 mmHg at a time when the pH is 7.51 and HCO3 is 16 mEq/L.

Introduction:

The regulation of the normal pH (potential of hydrogen) of the blood is done by balancing the ratio of HCO3 (bicarbonate ions) and H2CO3 (carbonic acid) in the blood. The normal ratio that remains between them is 20:1. The acid-base balance disturbance of the body can be determined by the PCO2 /HCO3/pH nomogram.

### Explanation of Solution

The PCO2/HCO3/pH nomograph indicates the alveolar hyperventilation with partial renal compensation, also called the partially compensated respiratory alkalosis, for the reported value of PCO2 as 20 mmHg, pH 7.51, and HCO3 16 mEq/L. The readings of pH, HCO3, and PCO2 intersect at the green-colored area of the nomogram

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