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Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

9th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781133949640

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Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

9th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781133949640
Chapter 7, Problem 20PS
Textbook Problem
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Using orbital box diagrams and noble gas notation, depict the electron configurations of (a) Ti, (b) Ti2+, and (c) Ti4+. Is the element or any of the ions paramagnetic?

(a)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The electronic configurations and paramagnetic, diamagnetic properties have to be identified given the transitions metals of Titanium. 

Concept Introduction:

Electronic configuration: The electronic configuration is the distribution of electrons (e-) of an given molecule or respective atoms in atomic or molecular orbitals.

Paramagnetic: The Paramagnetic properties are due to the presence of some unpaired electrons, and from the realignment of the electron paths caused by the external magnetic field.

Diamagnetic properties: In diamagnetic materials all the electron are paired so there is no permanent net magnetic moment per atom.

Explanation of Solution

The Titanium (Ti) has four electrons in the (4s) orbitals and (3s) electrons in 3d orbitals, the electrons filling method presented below.

  AtomicnumberofTitanium(Ti)=22spdfwith orbtital notation=[1s22s22p63s23p63d24s2Orbital filling method       1s22s22p63s2

(b)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The electronic configurations and paramagnetic, diamagnetic properties should be identified given the transitions metals of Ti2+ ions.

Concept Introduction:

Electronic configuration: The electronic configuration is the distribution of electrons (e-) of an given molecule or respective atoms in atomic or molecular orbitals.

Paramagnetic: The Paramagnetic properties are due to the presence of some unpaired electrons, and from the realignment of the electron paths caused by the external magnetic field.

Diamagnetic properties: In diamagnetic materials all the electron are paired so there is no permanent net magnetic moment per atom.

 (c)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The electronic configurations and paramagnetic, diamagnetic properties should be identified given the transitions metals of Ti4+ ions.

Concept Introduction:

Electronic configuration: The electronic configuration is the distribution of electrons (e-) of an given molecule or respective atoms in atomic or molecular orbitals.

Paramagnetic: The Paramagnetic properties are due to the presence of some unpaired electrons, and from the realignment of the electron paths caused by the external magnetic field.

Diamagnetic properties: In diamagnetic materials all the electron are paired so there is no permanent net magnetic moment per atom.

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Chapter 7 Solutions

Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity
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(a) Rank the...Ch. 7 - Identify the element that corresponds to each of...Ch. 7 - Identify the element that corresponds to each of...Ch. 7 - Explain why the photoelectron spectra of hydrogen...Ch. 7 - Sketch the major features (number of peaks and...Ch. 7 - These questions are not designated as to type or...Ch. 7 - The deep blue color of sapphires comes from the...Ch. 7 - Using an orbital box diagram and noble gas...Ch. 7 - The rare earth elements, or lanthanides, commonly...Ch. 7 - A neutral atom has two electrons with n = 1, eight...Ch. 7 - Element 109, now named meitnerium (in honor of the...Ch. 7 - Which of the following is not an allowable set of...Ch. 7 - A possible excited state for the H atom has an...Ch. 7 - The magnet in the following photo is made from...Ch. 7 - Name the element corresponding to each...Ch. 7 - Arrange the following atoms in order of increasing...Ch. 7 - Rank the following in order of increasing...Ch. 7 - Answer the questions below about the elements A...Ch. 7 - Answer (he following questions about the elements...Ch. 7 - Which of the following ions are unlikely to be...Ch. 7 - Place the following ions in order of decreasing...Ch. 7 - Answer each of the following questions: (a) Of the...Ch. 7 - The following are isoelectronic species: Cl, K+,...Ch. 7 - Compare the elements Na. 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