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College Physics

11th Edition
Raymond A. Serway + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305952300

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College Physics

11th Edition
Raymond A. Serway + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305952300
Textbook Problem

A skier starts at rest at the top of a large hemispherical hill (Fig. P7.63). Neglecting friction, show that the skier will leave the hill and become airborne at a distance h = R/3 below the top of the hill. Hint: At this point, the normal force goes to zero.

images

Figure P7.63

To determine
The skier will leave the hill and will become airborne at a distance h=R/3 below the top of the hill.

Explanation

Given info: The skier starts from rest at the top of the hill. The friction is neglected.

Explanation:

The situation of the problem is shown in the following Figure 1.

Apply conservation of energy from the top if the hill till the skier comes down to a distance h below the top of the hill,

12mv2mgh=0+0

The square of the velocity at a distance h below the top of the hill will be,

v2=2gh

The radial component of the weight of the skier is toward the centre, the normal force is directed radially outward. The resultant of these will provide the centripetal acceleration. Hence,

mgcosθN=mv2R

Substitute the expression for the square of the velocity,

mgcosθN=m(2gh)R

The normal force will be,

N=mgcosθm(2gh)R

When the skier leaves the hill, the normal force will become zero

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