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Cardiopulmonary Anatomy & Physiolo...

7th Edition
Des Jardins + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337794909

Solutions

Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Cardiopulmonary Anatomy & Physiolo...

7th Edition
Des Jardins + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337794909
Textbook Problem

Ketoacidosis can develop from

1. An inadequate oxygen level

2. Renal failure

3. An inadequate serum insulin level

4. Anaerobic metabolism

5. An inadequate serum glucose level

A. 1 only

B. 2 and 3 only

C. 4 and 5 only

D. 3 and 5 only

Summary Introduction

Introduction:

Ketones are the chemicals produced by the body when there is insufficient insulin in the blood and it must break down fats for the production of energy. Ketoacidosis is defined as the excessive production of ketones in the blood. It is a metabolic imbalance due to low insulin in the body.

Explanation

Explanation for the correct answer:

Option (D) states that ketoacidosis is caused due to inadequate serum insulin levels (3) and inadequate serum glucose levels (5). Ketoacidosis is defined as the excessive production of ketones in the blood. It is a metabolic imbalance due to a low amount of insulin in the body. It affects people with type I diabetes whose bodies cannot produce enough insulin. This leads to the inability of glucose to go into the cells to be used as an energy source, and fats are broken for the production of energy. Hence, option (D) is correct.

Explanation for the incorrect answer:

Option (A) states that ketoacidosis can develop from inadequate oxygen level (1)...

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