 # Periodic inventory by three methods The beginning inventory for Dunne Co. and data on purchases and sales for a three-month period are .shown in Problem 7-1B Instructions 1. Determine the inventory on June 30 and the cost of merchandise sold for the three-month period, using the first-in, first-out method and the periodic inventory system. 2. Determine the inventory on June 30 and the cost of merchandise sold for the three-month period, using the last-in, first-out method and the periodic inventory system. 3. Determine the inventory on June 30 and the cost of merchandise sold for the three- month period, using the weighted average cost method and the periodic inventory system. Round the weighted average unit cost to the dollar. 4. Compare the gross profit and June 50 inventories using the following column headings: FIFO LIFO Weighted Average Sales Cost of merchandise Gross profit Inventory, March 30 ### Accounting

27th Edition
WARREN + 5 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning,
ISBN: 9781337272094 ### Accounting

27th Edition
WARREN + 5 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning,
ISBN: 9781337272094

#### Solutions

Chapter
Section
Chapter 7, Problem 7.4BPR
Textbook Problem

## Periodic inventory by three methodsThe beginning inventory for Dunne Co. and data on purchases and sales for a three-month period are .shown in Problem 7-1BInstructions 1. Determine the inventory on June 30 and the cost of merchandise sold for the three-month period, using the first-in, first-out method and the periodic inventory system. 2. Determine the inventory on June 30 and the cost of merchandise sold for the three-month period, using the last-in, first-out method and the periodic inventory system. 3. Determine the inventory on June 30 and the cost of merchandise sold for the three- month period, using the weighted average cost method and the periodic inventory system. Round the weighted average unit cost to the dollar. 4. Compare the gross profit and June 50 inventories using the following column headings: FIFO LIFO Weighted Average Sales Cost of merchandise Gross profit Inventory, March 30

Expert Solution

(1)

To determine

Periodic Inventory System:

Periodic inventory system is a system, in which the inventory is updated in the accounting records on a periodic basis such as at the end of each month, quarter or year. In other words, it is an accounting method which is used to determine the amount of inventory at the end of each accounting period.

First-in-First-Out:

In First-in-First-Out method, the costs of the initially purchased items are considered as cost of goods sold, for the items which are sold first. The value of the ending inventory consists of the recent purchased items.

Last-in-Last-Out:

In Last-in-First-Out method, the costs of last purchased items are considered as the cost of goods sold, for the items which are sold first. The value of the closing stock consists of the initial purchased items.

Weighted-average cost method:

Under Weighted average cost method, the company calculates a new average cost after every purchase is made. It is determined by dividing the cost of goods available for sale by the units on hand.

To determine: value of inventory and cost of merchandise sold using first in first out method under periodic inventory system.

### Explanation of Solution

The value of ending inventory is calculated as follows:

Ending Inventory(FIFO) =(26 units×$1,264)=$32,864

Calculate the cost of merchandise sold is as follows:

 Amount (\$) Beginning inventory, April 1 30,000 Add: Purchases                               Table (3) 313,640 Merchandise available for sale 343,640 Less: Ending inventory, June 31 32,864 Cost of merchandise sold 310,7
Expert Solution

(2)

To determine
value of inventory and cost of merchandise sold using last in first out method under periodic inventory system.

Expert Solution

(3)

To determine
value of inventory and cost of merchandise sold using weighted average method under periodic inventory system.

Expert Solution

(4)

To determine

To compare: gross profit and ending inventories of all the three methods.

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