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Accounting

27th Edition
WARREN + 5 others
ISBN: 9781337272094

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Accounting

27th Edition
WARREN + 5 others
ISBN: 9781337272094
Textbook Problem

Periodic inventory using FIFO, LIFO, and weighted average cost methods

The units of an item available for sale during the year were as follows:

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There are 57 units of the item in the physical inventory at December 31. The periodic inventory system is used. Determine the inventory cost using (a) the first-in, first-out (FIFO) method; (b) the last-in, first-out (LIFO) method; and (c) the weighted average cost method.

(a)

To determine

Periodic inventory system is a system in which the inventory is updated in the accounting records on a periodic basis such as at the end of each month, quarter or year. In other words, it is an accounting method which is used to determine the amount of inventory at the end of each accounting period.

First-in-First-Out:

In First-in-First-Out method, the costs of the initially purchased items are considered as cost of goods sold, for the items which are sold first. The value of the ending inventory consists of the recent purchased items.

Last-in-Last-Out:

In Last-in-First-Out method, the costs of last purchased items are considered as the cost of goods sold, for the items which are sold first. The value of the closing stock consists of the initial purchased items.

Weighted -average cost method:

Under weighted average cost method, the company calculates a new average cost after every purchase is made. It is determined by dividing the cost of goods available for sale by the units on hand.

To determine: The ending inventory using the assumed cash flow methods of FIFO method.

Explanation

Calculate the ending inventory using FIFO method.

Ending Inventory
Date Units Unit Cost Total Cost
November...

(b)

To determine
The ending inventory using the assumed cash flow methods of LIFO method.

(c)

To determine
The ending inventory using the assumed cash flow methods of average cost method.

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