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Accounting

27th Edition
WARREN + 5 others
ISBN: 9781337272094

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Accounting

27th Edition
WARREN + 5 others
ISBN: 9781337272094
Textbook Problem

FIFO and LIFO costs under perpetual inventory system

The following units of an item were available for sale during the year:

Beginning inventory 21,600 units at $20.00
Sale 14,400 units at $25.20
First purchase 48,000 units at $25.20
Sale 36,000 units at $40.00
Second purchase 45,000 units at $26.40
Sale 33,000 units at $40.00

The firm uses the perpetual inventory system, and there are 31,200 units of the item on hand at the end of the year. What is the total cost of the ending inventory according to (a) FIFO, (b) LIFO?

(a)

To determine

Perpetual Inventory System:

Perpetual Inventory System refers to the inventory system that maintains the detailed records of every inventory transactions related to purchases, and sales on a continuous basis. It shows the exact on-hand-inventory at any point of time.

First-in-First-Out:

In First-in-First-Out method, the costs of the initially purchased items are considered as cost of goods sold, for the items which are sold first. The value of the ending inventory consists of the recent purchased items.

Last-in-Last-Out:

In Last-in-First-Out method, the costs of last purchased items are considered as the cost of goods sold, for the items which are sold first. The value of the closing stock consists of the initial purchased items.

To determine: The ending inventory using the assumed cash flow methods of FIFO method.

Explanation

Calculate the ending inventory using FIFO method.

Ending Inventory
Particulars Units Unit Cost ...

(b)

To determine
The ending inventory using the assumed cash flow methods of LIFO method.

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