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Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079

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Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079
Textbook Problem

How many different forms of a D-monosaccharide are present, at equilibrium, in aqueous solution of the monosaccharide?

  1. a. one
  2. b. two
  3. c. three
  4. d. no correct response

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The number of different forms of a D-monosaccharide which are present at equilibrium in an aqueous solution of the monosaccharide has to be predicted

Concept introduction:

Open chain structures of monosaccharides which contain five or more carbon atoms exist in equilibrium with two cyclic structures.  These cyclic structures are the dominating forms at equilibrium.  The carbonyl group in the open-chain structure of monosaccharide reacts intramolecularly with a hydroxyl group which results in the formation of cyclic forms.  These cyclic compounds are called cyclic hemiacetals.

Explanation

Reason for correct option:

Equilibrium is established between open-chain D-glucose, αD glucose and βD glucose in an aqueous solution of D-glucose.

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