BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

10th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337399074

Solutions

Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

10th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337399074
Textbook Problem

(a) What element has the configuration 1s22s22p63s2ps?

(b) Using spdf notation and an orbital box diagram, show the electron configuration of phosphorus.

(a)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The unknown element that has given electronic configurations has to be identified.

Concept Introduction:

Electronic configuration: The electronic configuration is the distribution of electrons (e-) of an given molecule or respective atoms in atomic or molecular orbitals.

The important there rules for electronic configuration given below:

Aufbau principle: This rule statues that ground state of an atom or ions electrons fill atomic orbitals of the lowest available energy levels before occupying higher levels. If consider the 1s shell is filled the 2s subshell is occupied.

Hund's Rule: The every orbital in a subshell is singly occupied with one electron before any one orbital is doubly occupied, and all electrons in singly occupied orbitals have the same spin.

Pauli exclusion rule: an atomic orbital may describe at most two electrons, each with opposite spin direction.

Explanation

According to the electronic configuration, the given element is chlorine (Cl) atoms

  Atomic number of chlorine atom=16Electronicconfigurationof(Cl)=1s22s22p43s23p5spdfwith noble gas notation=[Ne]3s23p5Orbitalboxnotation       = [Ne]

(b)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The electronic configuration of phosphorus has to be identified.

Concept Introduction:

Electronic configuration: The electronic configuration is the distribution of electrons (e-) of an given molecule or respective atoms in atomic or molecular orbitals.

The important there rules for electronic configuration given below:

Aufbau principle: This rule statues that ground state of an atom or ions electrons fill atomic orbitals of the lowest available energy levels before occupying higher levels. If consider the 1s shell is filled the 2s subshell is occupied.

Hund's Rule: The every orbital in a subshell is singly occupied with one electron before any one orbital is doubly occupied, and all electrons in singly occupied orbitals have the same spin.

Pauli exclusion rule: an atomic orbital may describe at most two electrons, each with opposite spin direction.

Still sussing out bartleby?

Check out a sample textbook solution.

See a sample solution

The Solution to Your Study Problems

Bartleby provides explanations to thousands of textbook problems written by our experts, many with advanced degrees!

Get Started

Additional Science Solutions

Find more solutions based on key concepts

Show solutions add

Outline the foods you will eat (including quantities) that will provide the recommended RDA for calcium. List l...

Nutrition: Concepts and Controversies - Standalone book (MindTap Course List)

What is a metric ton, and how is it defined?

An Introduction to Physical Science

A U-tube open at both ends is partially filled with water (Fig. P14.81a). Oil having a density 750 kg/m3 is the...

Physics for Scientists and Engineers, Technology Update (No access codes included)