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Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

10th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337399074

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

10th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337399074
Textbook Problem

Using the periodic table and without looking at Table 7.3, write electron configurations for the following elements:

  1. (a) P
  2. (b) Zn
  3. (c) Zr
  4. (d) In
  5. (e) Pb
  6. (f) U

Use the spdf and noble gas notations. When you have finished, check your answers with Table 7.3.

(a)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The electronic configurations for the symbol P has to be written.

Concept Introduction:

Electronic configuration: The electronic configuration is the distribution of electrons (e-) of a given molecule or respective atoms in atomic or molecular orbitals.

The aufbau principle: This rule statues that ground state of an atom or ions electrons fill atomic orbitals of the lowest available energy levels before occupying higher levels. If consider the 1s shell is filled the 2s subshell is occupied.

Hund's Rule: The every orbital in a subshell is singly occupied with one electron before any one orbital is doubly occupied, and all electrons in singly occupied orbitals have the same spin.

Explanation

The atomic number is equal to the number of atoms of the same element. The noble gas element that precedes the elemental P is Neon which represented as [Ne] follows by the valence electron configuration of Phosphorus.

Atomicnumberofphosphorus(P)=  15spdfwith noble gas notation=[Ne]3s23p3Orbitalboxnotation       [Ne]x

(b)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The electronic configuration for the symbol Zn has to be written.

Concept Introduction:

Electronic configuration: The electronic configuration is the distribution of electrons (e-) of a given molecule or respective atoms in atomic or molecular orbitals.

The aufbau principle: This rule statues that ground state of an atom or ions electrons fill atomic orbitals of the lowest available energy levels before occupying higher levels. If consider the 1s shell is filled the 2s subshell is occupied.

Hund's Rule: The every orbital in a subshell is singly occupied with one electron before any one orbital is doubly occupied, and all electrons in singly occupied orbitals have the same spin.

(c)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The electronic configuration for the symbol Zr has to be written.

Concept Introduction:

Electronic configuration: The electronic configuration is the distribution of electrons (e-) of a given molecule or respective atoms in atomic or molecular orbitals.

The aufbau principle: This rule statues that ground state of an atom or ions electrons fill atomic orbitals of the lowest available energy levels before occupying higher levels. If consider the 1s shell is filled the 2s subshell is occupied.

Hund's Rule: The every orbital in a subshell is singly occupied with one electron before any one orbital is doubly occupied, and all electrons in singly occupied orbitals have the same spin.

(d)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The electronic configuration for the symbol In has to be written.

Concept Introduction:

Electronic configuration: The electronic configuration is the distribution of electrons (e-) of a given molecule or respective atoms in atomic or molecular orbitals.

The aufbau principle: This rule statues that ground state of an atom or ions electrons fill atomic orbitals of the lowest available energy levels before occupying higher levels. If consider the 1s shell is filled the 2s subshell is occupied.

Hund's Rule: The every orbital in a subshell is singly occupied with one electron before any one orbital is doubly occupied, and all electrons in singly occupied orbitals have the same spin.

(e)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The electronic configuration for the symbol Pb has to be written.

Concept Introduction:

Electronic configuration: The electronic configuration is the distribution of electrons (e-) of a given molecule or respective atoms in atomic or molecular orbitals.

The aufbau principle: This rule statues that ground state of an atom or ions electrons fill atomic orbitals of the lowest available energy levels before occupying higher levels. If consider the 1s shell is filled the 2s subshell is occupied.

Hund's Rule: The every orbital in a subshell is singly occupied with one electron before any one orbital is doubly occupied, and all electrons in singly occupied orbitals have the same spin.

(f)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The electronic configuration for the symbol U has to be written.

Concept Introduction:

Electronic configuration: The electronic configuration is the distribution of electrons (e-) of a given molecule or respective atoms in atomic or molecular orbitals.

The aufbau principle: This rule statues that ground state of an atom or ions electrons fill atomic orbitals of the lowest available energy levels before occupying higher levels. If consider the 1s shell is filled the 2s subshell is occupied.

Hund's Rule: The every orbital in a subshell is singly occupied with one electron before any one orbital is doubly occupied, and all electrons in singly occupied orbitals have the same spin.

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