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CHEMISTRY: ATOMS FIRST VOL 1 W/CON...

14th Edition
Burdge
ISBN: 9781259327933

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FindFindarrow_forward

CHEMISTRY: ATOMS FIRST VOL 1 W/CON...

14th Edition
Burdge
ISBN: 9781259327933
Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The species which have addition and removal of electrons have same effect in the given diatomic species should be determined.

Concept introduction:

According to Molecular orbital (MO) theory,

  • The atomic orbitals of the atoms constituted in a molecule are combined to produce new orbitals are called Molecular Orbitals.
  • Like atomic orbitals, a molecular orbital can accommodate maximum two electrons and the two electrons must have opposite spins (Pauli Exclusion Principle).
  • Relative energy levels of molecules are according to the energy levels of atomic orbitals.
  • Order arrangement of electrons in the molecular orbitals is shown below.
  • Order arrangement of electrons in the molecular orbitals is shown below.

    14 and below 14 electrons configuration:

    σ1s<σ*1s<σ2s<σ*2s<π2pyπ2pz<σ2px*2pyπ*2pz*2px

14 above electrons configuration:

σ1s<σ*1s<σ2s<σ*2s<σ2px<π2pyπ2pz*2pyπ*2pz*2px

  • Bond order=12×[numberofelectronsinbondingmolecularorbitlas numberofelectronsinantibondingmolecularorbitlas]

To explain: The effect on bond order of N2 when addition and removal of electrons takes place.

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