Fundamentals of Physical Geography

2nd Edition
James Petersen
ISBN: 9781133606536



Fundamentals of Physical Geography

2nd Edition
James Petersen
ISBN: 9781133606536
Textbook Problem

  1. (a) images
  2. (b) images

FIGURE 8.21 Building of the Isthmus of Panama between about 10 million and 4 million years ago blocked a connection between the Atlantic and Pacific Ocean basins resulting in a major reorientation of ocean currents. This event led to the circular ocean current patterns that exist today in both oceans and had a great impact on climate.

How do ocean currents along east and west coasts outside the tropics affect climate?

To determine

The influence ocean currents along the east and west coasts outside the tropics in climate.


More than 70% of the Earth’s surface is covered with oceans. The huge volume and high heat capacity make it the largest buffer against changes in the climate of the Earth. Significant changes are resulted in global climate due to the difference in temperature of oceans, its chemistry and circulation.

Surface ocean currents are driven mostly by the activity of winds. However, the deep ocean currents that are present deep below the ocean water surface circulate large volumes of water between the ocean basins and thereby affect the heat distribution on the Earth. The buoyancy of water resulting from the difference in salinity acts as a major driving force of the deep circulation.

Due to rapid surface evaporation, the salinity content of seawater increases and thereby seawater density also increases...

Still sussing out bartleby?

Check out a sample textbook solution.

See a sample solution

The Solution to Your Study Problems

Bartleby provides explanations to thousands of textbook problems written by our experts, many with advanced degrees!

Get Started

Additional Science Solutions

Find more solutions based on key concepts

Show solutions add

No animal cell has a ___________. a. plasma membrane b. flagellum c. lysosome d. cell wall

Biology: The Unity and Diversity of Life (MindTap Course List)

To keep up with nutrition science, the consumer should. a. seek out the health and fitness sections of newspape...

Nutrition: Concepts and Controversies - Standalone book (MindTap Course List)

5-93 Why is it difficult to compress a liquid or a solid?

Introduction to General, Organic and Biochemistry

Why do distant stars look redder than their spectral types suggest?

Horizons: Exploring the Universe (MindTap Course List)

Chemistry In Focus

Review. (a) Estimate the terminal speed of a wooden sphere (density 0.830 g/cm3) tailing through air, taking it...

Physics for Scientists and Engineers, Technology Update (No access codes included)

What is the direction of the Poynting vector for the wave show n in Figure 34.8?

Physics for Scientists and Engineers: Foundations and Connections